Forty-two participating States have submitted hate crime information to ODIHR for 2018. Of these, 41 provided statistics, while 26 provided statistics that are disaggregated by bias motivation.
The official figures are complemented by reports on hate incidents from 178 civil society groups, covering 44 participating States. These contributions amount to 5,735 hate incidents, including 3,214 disaggregated statistical incidents and 2,521 descriptive incidents. This information includes incidents provided by the Holy See, UNHCR, IOM and OSCE missions.
General challenges to reporting hate crimes
A key challenge remains the effective implementation of hate crime laws. While hate crime provisions exist in 53 of the 57 OSCE participating States, official data indicate that few incidents are recorded as hate crimes by police. Comprehensive and strategic policies are needed to uphold the law and enable police to recognize, record and investigate hate crimes.
Where hate incidents are registered by police, inconsistent recording procedures or the use of different hate crime definitions within a country's criminal justice system complicate efforts to track hate crime cases. This can prevent police, prosecutors and others from following up on investigations and securing justice for the victims.
Improved hate crime recording and investigation can strengthen victims' trust in the authorities, in turn increasing reporting rates. To make this possible, government bodies can reach out to and co-operate with civil society and victim groups.
ODIHR has published a range of tools to assist states in building a comprehensive criminal justice response to hate crime that incorporates civil society's expertise, as well as a practical guide on building civil society coalitions to address hate crimes.
Learn more about ODIHR's capacity-building programmes here.