The Russian Federation's Criminal Code contains general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. The authorities responsible for collecting data are the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Prosecutor's Office and the Statistical Office.
The Russian Parliament amended the Criminal Code's provisions on incitement to hatred, including when committed through violence, as well as corresponding provisions in the Code of Administrative Offences, which regulates misdemeanours. In particular, the amendments establish harsher sanctions for such offences.
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on the Russian Federation."
ODIHR observes that the Russian Federation has not reported reliable statistics on hate crimes to ODIHR.