Russian Federation

The Russian Federation's Criminal Code contains general and specific penalty enhancement provisions and substantive offences. The authorities responsible for collecting data are the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Prosecutor's Office and the Statistical Office.


Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2019 585 368 320
2018 576 958 852
2017 52 755 692
2016 1450 993 676
2015 Not available Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

In January 2019, amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation came into force. These amendments set the threshold of criminal liability, as opposed to administrative liability, for the offence of inciting hatred or enmity, as well as for the offence of humiliating a person's dignity for extremist motives, including when committed through violence.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the Russian Federation has not reported reliable statistics on hate crimes to ODIHR.