Netherlands

The Netherlands have regularly reported hate crime data to ODIHR. The Netherlands' Criminal Code contains no hate crime provision. The framework for hate crime investigation and prosecution is set based on guidance from the Office of the Public Prosecutor. The National Police and the National Expertise Centre on Discrimination of the Office of the Public Prosecutor are primarily responsible for hate crime data collection. Police statistics are published annually. The Central Bureau of Statistics conducts annual crime victimization surveys.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2019 2016 343 Not available
2018 3299 312 91
2017 3499 331 79
2016 4376 - -
2015 5288 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

The police figures include hate speech incidents, data reported by local anti-discrimination services and online hate speech incidents, which cannot be disaggregated. Hate crimes recorded by the police can only be disaggregated by either bias motivation or type of crime (both breakdowns were reported to ODIHR) but not simultaneously by both. The disaggregation below shows the total numbers for each bias motivation.

National developments

In 2019, the police changed their registration of discrimination incidents, discontinuing the previously used distinction between regular acts of discrimination and those targeting employees with public duties (such as police officers). As a result, data from 2018 and 2019 cannot be compared. In addition, in 2019, the subcategories of race and religion were no longer registered, meaning that data regarding bias against Roma and Sinti and Muslims are not available for 2019.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the Netherlands have not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech or discrimination.