Iceland regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Iceland's Criminal Code contains a substantive offence provision. Iceland's data, collected by the National Police Commissioner, include cases of discrimination and defamation.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2015||10||Not available||Not available|
|2014||8||Not available||Not available|
|2013||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2012||6||Not available||Not available|
|2011||1||Not available||Not available|
|2010||2||Not available||Not available|
About 2020 Data
In addition, one case of hate speech was reported by the prosecution. This incident is not included here as hate speech falls outside of the OSCE's definition of a hate crime.
|Date||Type of incident||Source||Description|
|2020-10||Attacks against property||
ODIHR recognizes Iceland's efforts in conducting a victimization survey addressing hate crime. However, based on the available information, it observes that Iceland’s hate crime recording and statistics do not sufficiently distinguish hate crimes from other crimes. In addition, ODIHR observes that Iceland would benefit from ensuring that hate crimes are addressed in a comprehensive manner, including by introducing a coordination mechanism.
ODIHR recalls that in the Ministerial Council Decision 9/09, participating States have agreed to a definition of hate crime shared by all OSCE participating States. They have also committed to collecting reliable data and statistics on hate crimes. To that end, hate crimes need to be distinguished throughout the recording and data collection process from hate speech crimes. In the Ministerial Council Decisions 9/09 and 13/06, participating States have also committed to ensuring a comprehensive approach to hate crimes. To that end, the authorities and civil society need to collaborate and coordinate. ODIHR stands ready to support Iceland in meeting its relevant commitments through the provision of comprehensive resources and tailored assistance in the area of hate crime recording and data collection, as well as providing further resources and tailored assistance.