France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys on hate crime victimization.
Hate crimes recorded by police
The police provide data broken down by racism and xenophobia (which also includes anti-religious hate crime) and bias on grounds of sex/gender (also including hate crimes committed with bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity).
The anti-Christian, anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim hate crimes presented below have been disaggregated separately by the Ministry of the Interior. Furthermore, anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim hate crimes have been consulted with civil society organizations that monitor such crimes.
ODIHR observes that France has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases.