United States of America

The United States regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Its hate crime laws contain general penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. The United States Hate Crime Statistics Act requires the collection and publication of hate crime data. The authorities responsible for data collection are the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Hate crime data are published annually.


Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 8496 27 20
2017 8437 Not available Not available
2016 7321 Not available Not available
2015 6885 Not available Not available
2014 6385 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

The breakdown below refers only to offences with one recorded bias. An additional 169 offences were reported as committed with two or more biases and are not presented here.

National developments

The Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program and Civil Rights Unit (CRU) collaborated to gather hate crime incident data investigated and reported by the CRU for 2018. As a result, FBI hate crime data is for the first time included in the 2018 hate crime publication, in addition to data from other federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies.

In August, the Department of Justice (DoJ) Hate Crimes Initiative convened the first-ever federal seminar on Investigating and Prosecuting Hate Crimes and Domestic Terrorism, bringing together 70 Department civil rights and domestic terrorism prosecutors and agents to discuss how to better collaborate when investigating and prosecuting hate crimes that also constitute acts of domestic terrorism. In October, the Department's Hate Crimes Initiative convened a law enforcement roundtable on hate crimes. The event brought state, local and tribal law enforcement leaders from around the country together with DoJ officials. The participants agreed that in order to improve investigation and reporting of hate crimes, the federal government should support hate crimes training at all levels of law enforcement. The DoJ also launched a new hate crimes website – www.justice.gov/hatecrimes – designed to provide a centralized portal for the Department's hate crimes resources for law enforcement, media, researchers, victims, advocacy groups, and other related organizations and individuals.

The DoJ also announced a grant of more than USD 840,000 to the University of New Hampshire to conduct a national survey of hate crime incidents and victimization. The multi-phase study, funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) in the Department's Office of Justice Programs, will run through 2021 and provide detailed data about hate crimes, analyse local policies that impact hate crime reporting and identify successful investigation and prosecution strategies.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the United States has not reported information on prosecuted and sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.