The country's criminal code contains a substantive-offence provision and general penalty enhancements for hate crime. The data reported to ODIHR also include cases of incitement to hatred.
Amendments to the Criminal Code have been adopted, including a hate crime definition, the introduction of specific penalty enhancing provisions for a number of offences and updates to the aggravating circumstance provision applicable to all offences in the Code.
The Ministry of Interior's Unit for Criminal Intelligence and Analysis has begun keeping monthly records of hate crimes.
The Council of Europe's Committee of Ministers published relevant recommendations in its "Resolution on the implementation of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities by the Republic of North Macedonia."
ODIHR observes that the law enforcement agencies of North Macedonia have not recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes.