North Macedonia

The country's Criminal Code contains a substantive offence provision and general penalty enhancements for hate crime. The data reported to ODIHR also include cases of incitement to hatred.


Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2019 23 - -
2018 33 - -
2017 Not available Not available Not available
2016 2 - -
2015 5 3 2

Hate crimes recorded by police

The records below may include hate speech cases that fall outside of the OSCE's definition of hate crime. Detailed data on different types of crime or bias motivations are not available.

National developments

Amendments to the Criminal Code adopted in late 2018 entered into force in 2019. These included a hate crime definition, the introduction of specific penalty enhancing provisions for a number of offences and updates to the aggravating circumstance provision applicable to all offences in the Code. The Department for Criminal Intelligence and Analysis of the Ministry of Interior changed the hate crime recording registration form in accordance with amendments to the Criminal Code that stipulate a specific definition of hatred. The Department also amended relevant provisions and incorporated hatred as a motive for committing a number of existing crimes, with the aim of creating a comprehensive framework for monitoring hate crime trends and to improve the institutional response to hate crime in terms of recognizing, detecting and sentencing such crimes.

The Ministry of Justice has prepared a working version of the Law on Payment of Monetary Compensation for Victims of Violent Crimes. The purpose of this law is to provide monetary compensation to victims of violent crimes in accordance with the principle of social solidarity, but also to prevent the secondary victimization of victims during proceedings.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the law enforcement agencies of North Macedonia have not recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes.