Estonia reported hate crime data to ODIHR in 2009, 2016 and 2020. Its data on 2019 are also available. Estonia's criminal code includes an incitement to violence provision. The Ministry of Justice is responsible for collecting hate crime data.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2020||3||Not available||Not available|
|2019||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2018||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2017||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2016||15||Not available||Not available|
|2015||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2014||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2013||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2012||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2011||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2010||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2009||2||Not available||Not available|
Hate crime recorded by police
The police data on hate crimes are disaggregated by type of crime only.
ODIHR'S KEY OBSERVATIONS
ODIHR recognizes that Estonia reported its hate crime data to ODIHR for the first time since 2016. However, based on the available information, it observes that the law enforcement agencies of Estonia have not recorded the bias motivations behind hate crimes. In addition, ODIHR observes that Estonia would benefit from reviewing its existing legal framework in order to ensure that bias motivation can be effectively acknowledged and appropriate penalties can be imposed on the perpetrators.
ODIHR recalls that in the Ministerial Council Decision 9/09, participating States have committed to promptly investigating hate crimes and ensure that the motives of those convicted of hate crimes are acknowledged. To that end, the law enforcement agencies must, first of all, record the bias motivation behind hate crimes. ODIHR stands ready to support Estonia in meeting its relevant commitments through the provision of comprehensive resources and tailored assistance. In the Ministerial Council Decision 9/09, participating States have also committed to enacting specific, tailored legislation to combat hate crimes, providing for effective penalties that take into account the gravity of such crimes. ODIHR stands ready to support Estonia in meeting its relevant commitments through the provision of comprehensive resources and tailored assistance in the area of hate crime recording and data collection as well as providing further legislative guidance and advice.