Georgia

Georgia regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Georgia's Criminal Code includes general and specific penalty enhancement provisions for hate crimes, as well as substantive offences. Georgia's data do not report cases of discrimination and persecution separately. The Information-Analytical Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Central Administration of Prosecutors of the Ministry of Justice, the Statistical Office and the Supreme Court all collect hate crime statistics.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2019 775 183 32
2018 344 151 58
2017 86 44 11
2016 42 42 15
2015 22 5 5

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

In 2019, the Human Rights Division of the General Prosecutor's Office studied hate-motivated and gender-based discrimination crimes. According to the analysis of the criminal cases studied, the quality and effectiveness of measures carried out by specialized prosecutors to detect the bias motive in such criminal cases have increased. As a result, in 2019 two discriminatory motives (Gender and religious intolerance, sexual orientation and gender identity and race and ethnicity) were identified simultaneously in resolutions by prosecutors.

Selected prosecutors and investigators of the prosecution service have undergone an intensive retraining course to strengthen their capacity to deal with hate crimes. This specialization of prosecutors and investigators of the prosecution service has continued in 2019, and has covered all territorial units of the prosecution service. At the end of 2019, there were 71 specialized prosecutors and investigators of the prosecution service dealing with hate crimes.

On 19 February 2019, a memorandum of mutual co-operation was signed between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and ODIHR. On the basis of this agreement, a specific hate crime investigation training programme – based on ODIHR's Training Against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme – was launched by the Ministry.

Within the frame of a Council of Europe project, in 2019 the Ministry conducted research aimed at studying hate crime victim satisfaction at the investigation stage. In agreement with the Department, the research focused on representatives of religious minorities and the LGBTI community.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Georgia has not made public reliable data and statistics on hate crimes.