Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain's Criminal Code contains general penalty enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry's State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomous Police, the Autonomous Basque Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
The United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) published relevant recommendations in its "Report from the thirty-fifth session: Compilation on Spain."
ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases or information on the sentencing of hate crime cases.