France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys on hate crime victimization.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2017||1505||Not available||Not available|
|2015||1790||Not available||Not available|
|2011||Not available||Not available||431|
|2009||Not available||Not available||579|
About 2015 Data
The figure presented here includes 244 incidents of discrimination, defamation and public insults. These categories fall outside of the OSCE concept of hate crimes and are therefore not included in the breakdown by type of crime below.
Racist and xenophobic hate crime, Anti-Roma hate crime, Anti-LGBTI hate crime, Disability hate crime
In its fifth report on France, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended amendments to the Criminal Code to include racist, homophobic and transphobic motivations as aggravating circumstances in criminal offences. ECRI also recommended that the authorities establish partnerships with civil society organizations working with Roma communities and people with disabilities to overcome under-reporting and to ensure that hate crime data-collection systems allow the disaggregation of data and the tracking of cases through the criminal justice system.
ODIHR observes that France has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias motivations have not been reported.