France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys on hate crime victimization.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2017||1505||Not available||Not available|
|2015||1790||Not available||Not available|
|2011||Not available||Not available||431|
|2009||Not available||Not available||579|
About 2013 Data
Prosecution figures are provisional and refer to crimes based on racism and bias against ethnic or national origin, and include defamation and discrimination crimes.
The Personal Representative of the OSCE Chairperson‑in‑Office on combating anti-Semitism conducted a country visit to France. Following the visit, the Personal Representative presented his recommendations, which included enhancing data collection on hate crimes, police training on hate crimes, security assistance to Jewish communities and taking steps to combat cyberhate.
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published findings from a survey on experiences and perceptions of anti-Semitism conducted in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The survey showed that many respondents have been victims of anti-Semitic violence and harassment, and feared becoming hate crime victims in the future. The survey also mapped the extent of unreported anti-Semitic hate crime. FRA recommended that EU Member States consider taking a number of steps to improve the reporting, recording, investigating and prosecuting of hate crimes.
ODIHR observes that France has met OSCE commitment on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias observations have not been reported and that France did not report sentencing data for 2013.