Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
Spain implemented ODIHR's Training Against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme in 2019, and the Prosecutor General's Office has established a network of dedicated hate crime prosecutors across the country. A regional TAHCLE in Valencia was implemented in 2016.
The Ministry of Interior has a dedicated protocol that regulates how law enforcement handles hate crime cases and sets out the specific rights of hate crime victims. Within the Ministry, the Spanish National Office Against Hate Crimes (ONDOD) is responsible for the Hate Crime Action Plan (adopted for 2019-2021 and 2022-2024). Currently, the Action Plan covers the areas of victim support, co-ordination among state authorities, civil society and the private sector, hate crime prevention, specialization within the police, training, awareness raising, and the allocation of adequate human resources in ONDOD.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2019||1706||Not available||Not available|
|2018||1598||Not available||Not available|
|2017||1419||Not available||Not available|
|2016||1272||Not available||Not available|
|2015||1328||Not available||Not available|
|2014||1285||Not available||Not available|
|2013||1168||Not available||Not available|
|2012||261||Not available||Not available|
|2011||224||Not available||Not available|
|2010||92||Not available||Not available|
|2009||93||Not available||Not available|
About 2020 Data
The figure presented here may include offences motivated by "fear of the poor", and ideology, respectively. The number of hate crimes recorded by police may also include administrative offences.
Hate crime recorded by police
ODIHR recognizes Spain’s efforts in conducting the recent hate crime victimization survey. However, based on the available information, it observes that Spain would benefit from strengthening the inclusion of, collaboration with, and facilitating work of civil society working on hate crimes and with their victims.
ODIHR recalls that in the Ministerial Council Decisions 9/09 and 13/06, participating States have committed to a proactive and inclusive approach towards civil society, which plays a key role in addressing hate crimes comprehensively, specifically in reaching out to victims of hate crimes and whole victimized communities, as well as providing assistance to hate crime victims. ODIHR stands ready to support Spain in meeting its relevant commitments through the provision of comprehensive resources and assistance.