Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
Spain implemented ODIHR's Training Against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme in 2019, and the Prosecutor General's Office has established a network of dedicated hate crime prosecutors across the country. In May 2019, the Ministry of Interior co-organized with ODIHR and the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights a workshop on understanding and improving hate crime recording and data collection. In March 2021, ODIHR held a diagnostic workshop to assess and improve national structures for hate crime victim support. Both workshops resulted in sets of recommendations to relevant state authorities.
The Ministry of Interior has a dedicated protocol for law enforcement that regulates how hate crime cases are handled and sets out the specific rights of hate crime victims. Within the Ministry, the Spanish National Office for the Fight against Hate Crimes (ONDOD) is responsible for the Hate Crime Action Plan (adopted for 2019-2021 and 2022-2024). Currently, the Action Plan covers the areas of victim support, co-ordination among state authorities, civil society and the private sector, hate crime prevention, specialization within the police, training, awareness raising, and the allocation of adequate human resources in ONDOD. A hate crime victimization survey was carried out between 18 December 2020 and 31 March 2021.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2019||1706||Not available||Not available|
|2018||1598||Not available||Not available|
|2017||1419||Not available||Not available|
|2016||1272||Not available||Not available|
|2015||1328||Not available||Not available|
|2014||1285||Not available||Not available|
|2013||1168||Not available||Not available|
|2012||261||Not available||Not available|
|2011||224||Not available||Not available|
|2010||92||Not available||Not available|
|2009||93||Not available||Not available|
Hate crime recorded by police
Incidents reported by civil society, international organizations and the Holy See
Racist and xenophobic hate crime
The UN Human Rights Council, in its Universal Periodic Review, encouraged Spain to record and publish statistics on hate crimes.
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) commented on the need to better address racist crime in Spain.
Anti-Muslim hate crime
The EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) issued a report examining the discrimination and violence experienced by Muslim and non-Muslim youths in Spain. The report found that victims of violence and discrimination often suffered from feelings of social marginalization.