Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain's Criminal Code contains general penalty enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry's State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomous Police, the Autonomous Basque Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.


Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 1598 Not available Not available
2017 1419 Not available Not available
2016 1272 Not available Not available
2015 1328 Not available Not available
2014 1285 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

The first Action Protocol for the State Security Forces on Hate Crimes has been developed by the Ministry of Interior. It provides the security forces with a list of bias indicators to focus on in order to ensure correct collection of evidence and registering of hate crimes.

The Ministry of Interior further created a function description for "Hate crime police officers". These specialists from the State Security Forces will maintain contact with civil society in order to better prevent and resolve hate crimes.

The Ministry of Employment and Social Security has begun training teachers on how to detect racist or xenophobic incidents at schools.

Spanish authorities have worked on a Practical Guide on Discrimination, to be published in July 2015, which synthesizes all available information on how and where to report hate crimes and discrimination incidents in Spain.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases.