Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
Spain implemented ODIHR's Training Against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme in 2019, and the Prosecutor General's Office has established a network of dedicated hate crime prosecutors across the country. In May 2019, the Ministry of Interior co-organized with ODIHR and the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights a workshop on understanding and improving hate crime recording and data collection. In March 2021, ODIHR held a diagnostic workshop to assess and improve national structures for hate crime victim support. Both workshops resulted in sets of recommendations to relevant state authorities.
The Ministry of Interior has a dedicated protocol for law enforcement that regulates how hate crime cases are handled and sets out the specific rights of hate crime victims. Within the Ministry, the Spanish National Office for the Fight against Hate Crimes (ONDOD) is responsible for the Hate Crime Action Plan (adopted for 2019-2021 and 2022-2024). Currently, the Action Plan covers the areas of victim support, co-ordination among state authorities, civil society and the private sector, hate crime prevention, specialization within the police, training, awareness raising, and the allocation of adequate human resources in ONDOD. A hate crime victimization survey was carried out between 18 December 2020 and 31 March 2021.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2019||1706||Not available||Not available|
|2018||1598||Not available||Not available|
|2017||1419||Not available||Not available|
|2016||1272||Not available||Not available|
|2015||1328||Not available||Not available|
|2014||1285||Not available||Not available|
|2013||1168||Not available||Not available|
|2012||261||Not available||Not available|
|2011||224||Not available||Not available|
|2010||92||Not available||Not available|
|2009||93||Not available||Not available|
Hate crime recorded by police
ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported on the numbers of prosecuted cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.
In a report following his visit to Spain, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance emphasized the importance of collecting data on racist offences by the police, prosecution services and the courts. The Special Rapporteur also commended Spain for creating the post of Public Prosecutor for Equal Treatment and Against Discrimination in the Supreme Court, as well as the posts of Public Prosecutors for Hate Crime and Discrimination in Madrid, Malaga, Seville and Valencia.