Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain's Criminal Code contains general penalty enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry's State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomous Police, the Autonomous Basque Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2019||1706||Not available||Not available|
|2018||1598||Not available||Not available|
|2017||1419||Not available||Not available|
|2016||1272||Not available||Not available|
|2015||1328||Not available||Not available|
|2014||1285||Not available||Not available|
|2013||1168||Not available||Not available|
|2012||261||Not available||Not available|
|2011||224||Not available||Not available|
|2010||92||Not available||Not available|
|2009||93||Not available||Not available|
In a report following his visit to Spain, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance emphasized the importance of collecting data on racist offences by the police, prosecution services and the courts. The Special Rapporteur also commended Spain for creating the post of Public Prosecutor for Equal Treatment and Against Discrimination in the Supreme Court, as well as the posts of Public Prosecutors for Hate Crime and Discrimination in Madrid, Malaga, Seville and Valencia.
ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported on the numbers of prosecuted cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.