Montenegro has reported information on hate crimes to ODIHR. Montenegro's Criminal Code contains a general penalty enhancement and a substantive offence provision. Hate crime data are collected by the Montenegrin Prosecutor's Office and the Supreme Court. Data on hate crime are not made publicly available.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2020||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2017||Not available||Not available||1|
|2016||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2015||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2014||Not available||Not available||0|
|2013||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2012||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2011||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2010||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2009||Not available||Not available||Not available|
About 2016 Data
Two sentenced cases were reported to ODIHR, but both were decisions on the crime of violation of equality, a discrimination provision falling outside the OSCE's concept of hate crimes.
|Date||Type of incident||Source||Description|
|2016-01||Violent attacks against people||
|2016-06||Attacks against property||
|2016-09||Violent attacks against people||
In its fifth report on Montenegro, the Council of Europe's European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) commended the improved protection of Roma people against hate crime but observed that LGBT people remain at high risk of being targeted. ECRI recommended that the authorities introduce a coherent system for recording hate crimes and collecting data and that they scale-up the training of criminal justice personnel and ensure that this training specifically addresses the identification of hate crimes. ECRI also recommended that the authorities provide clear instructions to the police about how to investigate hate crimes.
ODIHR observes that Montenegro has not periodically reported to ODIHR the number of hate crimes recorded by police.