Montenegro has reported information on hate crimes to ODIHR, most recently for the 2019 and 2021 Hate Crime Reports. Montenegro implemented ODIHR's Training Against Hate Crimes for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme in 2014 and updated the training in 2022 following changes to the country's hate crime legislation in 2018. In 2017, Montenegro adopted measures to allow for the effective prosecution of hate crimes following the judgement of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Alkovic v. Montenegro (No. 66895/10).
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2020||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2017||Not available||Not available||1|
|2016||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2015||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2014||Not available||Not available||0|
|2013||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2012||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2011||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2010||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2009||Not available||Not available||Not available|
About 2022 Data
Police recorded and sentenced figures were disaggregated by type of crime. The above figures may include cases of hate speech, which fall outside of the OSCE's definition of hate crime.
Hate crime recorded by police
The breakdown below may include cases of hate speech, which fall outside of the OSCE's definition of hate crime.
ODIHR recognizes Montenegro's efforts to report police and judiciary hate crime records to ODIHR. However, based on the available information, ODIHR observes that Montenegro has not reported data on the number of prosecuted hate crimes to ODIHR or recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes. In addition, ODIHR observes that Montenegro would benefit from developing its victim support system to ensure effective access to justice, assistance, and protection services for hate crime victims.
ODIHR recalls that in Ministerial Council Decision 9/09, OSCE participating States committed to collecting reliable data and statistics in sufficient detail on hate crimes, including the bias motivation of hate crimes, and to reporting such data periodically to ODIHR. Participating States also committed to providing hate crime victims with access to counselling, legal assistance, and effective access to justice, as well as to increase positive interaction between police and victims of hate crimes by training front-line officers, including on referrals to victim assistance and protection.
ODIHR stands ready to support Montenegro in meeting the relevant commitments through its comprehensive resources and tailored assistance in the area of hate crime recording and data collection, as well as through its further resources and assistance on hate crime victim support.