National frameworks to address hate crime in Montenegro
This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Montenegro. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Montenegro's hate crime report page.
Hate crime recording and data collection
The Police do not have any special reporting or data collection procedures for recording hate crimes.
In judicial statistics, hate crimes are included on the basis of an underlying base offence, without distinguishing the bias motive. The Judicial Council is responsible for ensuring the use, functionality and uniformity of the Judicial Information System (PRIS). The system is used by all courts to monitor cases, for some aspects of case management and to communicate with the parties. PRIS also collects comprehensive statistics that are included in annual court reports.
Hate crime victim support
Montenegro offers support to victims of hate crime as part of its general victim support system.
The general victim support system focuses mostly on victims of domestic violence, trafficking and child victims. Specialized services for hate crime victims are mostly delivered by civil society organizations (CSOs). However, these services are not fully integrated into the general victim support system, and co-operation with state institutions is not always formalized. The state does offer support to specialized service providers in the form of small annual grants. Although the specialized service providers are mostly based in the capital, their activities cover the entire country and some have branch offices in other cities. The services they offer include shelters, psychological assistance, social support, mediation, and legal aid and representation. There are no state quality standards for the provision of these services.
On contact with the victim, police officers conduct a basic individual needs assessment (INA). A different model of INA is undertaken by CSOs working on these issues. Police or prosecutors refer victims to either general or specialized service providers. Victims often contact these providers before reaching out to the authorities. Some police stations in the country are equipped to enable special conditions for interviewing victims.
Under Montenegro's law, restorative justice solutions are available.