Italy regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Annual reports on hate crime have been published since 2010 and can be accessed here.
The Observatory for Security against Discriminatory Acts (OSCAD) carries out activities to prevent, counter and monitor hate crimes. OSCAD works closely with the National Office against Racial Discrimination (UNAR), which deals with non-criminal hate incidents and co-ordinates a permanent consultation group to promote LGBTI rights and protection.
Italy implemented ODIHR's TAHCLE (Training Against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement) programme in 2014. Italy also participated in ODIHR's project on "Building a Comprehensive Criminal Justice Response to Hate Crime", which included the training of police, civil society, and lawyers on hate crime investigation and victim support, and the mapping of available hate crime data in the Lombardy region.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2021||1,445||Not available||Not available|
|2020||1111||Not available||Not available|
|2015||555||Not available||Not available|
|2014||596||Not available||Not available|
|2013||472||Not available||Not available|
|2009||134||Not available||Not available|
About 2011 Data
Figures include crimes of incitement to hatred and those involving insults.
Police figures are reported by bias motivation breakdown. However, the breakdown of numbers does not add up to the overall figure reported.
Hate crime recorded by police
Incidents reported by civil society, international organizations and the Holy See
Racist and xenophobic hate crime, Anti-Roma hate crime
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that Italy intensify efforts to monitor hate crimes and adopt a broader definition of racist incidents that would include any incident that is perceived as such by the victim or any other person, noting that the current approach, in which official figures are recorded according to the perception of law enforcement, most likely under-represents the number of actual hate crimes. ECRI also noted cases of violence against Roma and migrants, especially those from Africa, Asia and Romania, in its fourth periodic report on Italy.
Anti-Roma hate crime
The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights visited Italy, noting that violent attacks against Roma reflect a need for the government to improve its responses to racially motivated violence in general.