National frameworks to address hate crime in Iceland
This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Iceland. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Iceland's hate crime report page.
Hate crime recording and data collection
There is no systematic collection of hate crime statistics across the criminal justice system in Iceland. Reported criminal offences are registered in a central police database (LÖKE). While hate speech is specifically covered by law, hate crime is only covered by a general provision of the criminal code that relates to the motive of the perpetrator.
Potential hate crimes are marked as such in the police database as an addition to the registered offence. The type of bias motive is also registered. The available motives for registration include: sexual orientation, gender identity, religion (other), religion (anti-Semitism), religion (anti-Christian), religion (anti-Muslim), racist or xenophobic bias, and "other".
Hate crimes are not recorded by prosecutors or the judiciary, only hate speech.
The National Commissioner of Police conducts victimization surveys; the 2021 survey included questions about possible bias motivation. The results of the 2021 survey have not yet been published.
Hate crime victim support
Iceland provides for specialized support for victims of hate crimes as part of its general victim support scheme.
The Family Justice Center in Reykjavík – a one-stop-shop for adult victims of violence – offers counselling, legal advice and interpretation services free of charge. The Center operates through the co-operation of law enforcement, public and municipal administration, and civil society. The Center is attended by a police officer specialized in hate crimes. Women victims of hate crime can seek protection at a shelter, while migrants can address the Icelandic Human Rights Centre – a specialized civil society organization.
Please note that the above text may be subject to updates based on information provided by the National Point of Contact