Croatia regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Croatia's hate crime laws are a combination of a general penalty-enhancement provision and penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. Croatia's criminal code also includes a statutory definition of hate crime. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Interior, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and the Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities. Data on hate crime are regularly published by the Government's Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities.
Hate crimes recorded by police
The police numbers represent the number of recorded offences. One incident can involve more than one offence.
The Criminal Code provision defining hate crimes was amended to include language as a protected characteristic.
The Action Plan for Implementation of the National Plan to Combat Discrimination 2017-2019 was adopted by the Government, which identifies a number of priority areas in addressing hate crimes: education and public awareness raising initiatives focusing on hate crimes against national minorities and LGBT people, and improvements to hate crime data collection.
Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Roma and Sinti, Bias against other groups - Sexual orientation or gender identity
In its fifth report on Croatia, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) observed that many cases of hate crime, especially those targeting Serbs, LGBT people and Roma, are only classified as misdemeanours. ECRI recommended that the bias motive be incorporated from the very beginning in investigations and training for police officers and judicial officials.
ODIHR observes that Croatia has not made public hate crime data disaggregated by bias motivation.