Croatia

Croatia regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Croatia's hate crime laws are a combination of a general penalty-enhancement provision and penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. Croatia's criminal code also includes a statutory definition of hate crime. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Interior, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and the Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities. Data on hate crime are regularly published by the Government's Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2019 48 117 10
2018 33 23 8
2017 25 16 12
2016 35 37 7
2015 24 27 7

Hate crimes recorded by police

The police numbers represent the number of recorded offences. One incident can involve more than one offence.

National developments

The Office for Human Rights and the Rights of National Minorities, together with the Judicial Academy, carried out set of hate crimes workshops for members of the judiciary, police, prosecuting authorities and civil society organizations. During the workshops, participants studied the relevant case of the European Court of Human Rights, notably Šečić v. Croatia and Škorjanec v. Croatia, as well as Balázs v. Hungary, Grigoryan and Sergeyeva v. Ukraine, Milanović v. Serbia, Nachova and Others v. Bulgaria, among others. In 2019, a second round of workshops were carried out for 109 participants. In order to improve the hate crime data collection system, the Working Group on the Drafting of the Protocol on Hate Crime began drafting a New Protocol, which should be adopted by the end of 2020. The New Protocol on Hate Crime aims to ensure the collection of relevant statistical data, while also: defining the obligations of individual institutions dealing with hate crime; determining the responsibilities of the competent authorities involved in detecting, treating and monitoring the results of procedures conducted in hate crime cases; and defining specific forms for statistical collecting data on hate crime cases.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Croatia has not made public hate crime data disaggregated by bias motivation.