National frameworks to address hate crime in the United States of America

This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in the United States. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on the hate crime report page of the United States.

Hate crime recording and data collection

The Bureau of Justice Statistics at the Department of Justice (DoJ) collects administrative records for federal crimes through the Federal Justice Statistics Program, relying on records of the Executive Office of U.S. Attorneys, the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts and the U.S. Sentencing Commission. It is possible to identify the number of defendants charged with a federal hate crime, and the number of defendants who were sentenced under a federal hate crime offence or who received a hate crime sentencing enhancement. 

As of 2019, the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI's) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is in the process of transitioning all federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies nationwide to the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The NIBRS includes a designated field for law enforcement agencies to report hate crimes. Reporting via the NIBRS will improve the quality, reliability and accuracy of hate crime data. 

The DoJ Bureau of Justice Statistics conducts a regular National Crime Victimization Survey, with the most recent data on hate crime victimization available for 2020.