National frameworks to address hate crime in the Russian Federation

This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in the Russian Federation. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on the Russian Federation's hate crime report page.


Hate crime recording and data collection

The registration of acts motivated by extremism is carried out by law enforcement agencies according to the general rules for registering all crimes. Information is entered onto statistical cards used for registering crimes by the information centres of departments of internal affairs in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The Chief Information Analytical Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is responsible for then collecting and revising the statistical information submitted by the information centres.

The statistical cards include a file for motives. Possible motives include: hostility, hate and reprisals on the basis of race, nationality, religion, ideology and political or social affiliation. The sampling and the entry of basic information about the committed acts onto forms used to record federal state statistics (on the identification of a perpetrator and the results of an investigation) is conducted according to the data provided on the card and based on the list of extremist crimes. Data on extremism offences can be found on the criminal statistics website of the Office of the General Prosecutor. However, these are not collected with bias motivations in mind and are not reported as such to ODIHR.

Prosecuting authorities do not register crimes. Prosecutors, as mandated by the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, ensure adherence to the rule of law during the detection, investigation or prosecution of a criminal offence, including for the categories of crime mentioned above. Based on the order of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation "On the organization of prosecutorial supervision over the implementation of laws on countering extremist activity", every six months, an analysis of legality in the field of interethnic relations and countering extremism is carried out, which addresses, among other things, the reasons behind the commission of extremist crimes.


Hate crime victim support

The Russian Federation does not have a developed victim support system. According to the Constitution, the rights of crime victims are protected by law, and the state ensures that the victims have access to justice and are compensated for damage caused.

Existing victim support services are provided by civil society organizations (CSOs) and rely on private and international funding. Some municipalities have co-operation agreements with CSOs that allow them to refer victims to seek assistance. However, there is no national system of referrals.

Victims of crime can claim compensation from either the perpetrator or the insurance company.

The following protection measures are provided for by law (the Act on State protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings): personal protection; protection of residence and property; provision of special means for individual protection; communication and information regarding dangers; confidentiality of personal details; relocation to a different place of residence; replacement of documents; change of appearance; change of place of employment or study; and temporary accommodation at a secure location.

Please note that the above text may be subject to updates based on information provided by the National Point of Contact