Belgium regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Belgium's Criminal Code includes several penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. The data reported to ODIHR do not present cases of hate crime, incitement to hatred and discrimination separately. Hate crime data are collected by law enforcement agencies and the Prosecutor's Office. The Interfederal Centre for Equal Opportunities and against Racism (Unia) and the Institute for the Equality of Women and Men also monitor hate crimes.
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
About 2014 Data
Numbers reported here include – besides hate crimes – also other types of "discrimination" incidents, which can fall outside of the OSCE's definition of a hate crime. Incidents, where the suspect is a minor, are not included in the statistics.
The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended strengthening existing training programmes for police officers and judges in Belgium. It also noted concerns with racially motivated violence committed by police officers. CERD recommends that Belgium strengthen its mechanisms for reporting bias-motivated incidents committed by officials, notably ensuring that undocumented migrants have access to this mechanism without fearing reprisals, and that any allegations are properly investigated.
ODIHR observes that Belgium has not reported on hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.