National frameworks to address hate crime in Turkey

This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Turkey. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Turkey's hate crime report page.

Hate crime recording and data collection

When a crime is reported, a criminal record is opened. Crimes that contain a bias element are recorded in the same way as other crimes, and there is no specific procedure for recording or investigating hate crimes.

Offences are recorded electronically within the UYAP system (National Judicial Network System). As part of the Official Statistics Programme, data from the UYAP system are compiled annually according to the individuals accused and the offence, in line with the Criminal Code and special laws. The Directorate General for Criminal Records and Statistics of the Ministry of Justice (Directorate) stores hate crime statistics in keeping with the relevant articles of the Criminal Code.

A working group has been formed under the Directorate in order to collect statistics in an accurate and appropriate manner, and to make other necessary changes in hate crime data collection.

Hate crime victim support

Turkey provides support to victims of hate crimes in frames of its general victim support system.

There is a Department of Judicial Support and Victim Service under the Ministry of Justice, which is tasked with contributing to an accessible victim support system for victims and particularly vulnerable groups in the judicial process, by conducting studies related to victims’ rights. The Department of Judicial Support and Victim Service remains in contact with bar associations and civil society organizations. There are also Directorates of Judicial Support and Victim Services, which are established by the Department in courthouses. These are units that inform victims, especially those coming from vulnerable groups, about their rights. Representatives of civil society organizations may be invited to the Advisory Board and Coordination Board meetings located at the premises of the Directorates, in order to make recommendations regarding the provision of the victim support services.

Under Directorates of Judicial Support and Victim Services there also functions the Vulnerable Group Support Agency, which incorporates elements such as individual needs assessment, judicial support plan, case management and monitoring programme. Individual assessment is carried out and a judicial support plan is prepared, including measures to ensure that single judicial support personnel can actively carry out planning, application, monitoring and coordination of the provision of services to the vulnerable victims. There are also protection boards, responsible for helping the crime victims in solving their social and financial problems. Support services may be also provided by the civil society organizations, the Ministry of Family and Social Policies, as well as municipalities.

The police informs the victim about his or her rights and the available support services upon victim’s request. Principles of sensitive and respectful treatment are covered by the dedicated Guide on Approach to Victims. Victims might be either supported by the Directorates’ staff or referred to victim support providers. Special interviewing premises, the Judicial Interview Rooms, have been established for particularly vulnerable victims, including victims of hate crimes. Interviews at these premises might be held with assistance from psychological support specialists.

Victims are entitled to participate in the criminal proceedings held before a court of first instance. Victims can seek compensation. The judge may award compensation upon request, or designate an alternative way of redress. Victims of hate crimes can also lodge petitions to National Ombudsman and Human Rights and Equality Institution of Turkey.

Please note that the above text may be subject to updates based on information provided by the National Point of Contact