National frameworks to address hate crime in Norway
This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Norway. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Norway's hate crime report page.
Hate crime recording and data collection
Hate crimes are defined as offences motivated by a person's religion or belief, skin colour, national or ethnic origin, homosexual orientation, disability or other circumstances relating to groups with a particular need for protection.
Hate crimes are recorded separately in the databases of the police and prosecutor's office. They are registered by police as hate crimes when (i) the victim perceives it as such, or (ii) police otherwise identify the bias motive as an aggravating circumstance. In 2018, the Police Directorate issued guidelines on registering hate crimes for use by all police officers when receiving reports of hate crimes.
The Police Directorate conducts annual public surveys with questions about hate crime. It also publishes statistics on hate crimes annually.
Hate crime victim support
Norway offers both general and specialized support to victims of hate crime.
Services are provided both by state-run institutions and civil society organizations. There are dedicated hate crime units in the police, and the police actively reaches out to vulnerable communities.
The police informs the victim about the investigation and its developments, and sets up direct contact between the victim and a dedicated police officer. There is no established individual needs assessment process. The police, however, uses a technique of investigative interviewing (the so-called “Kreativ” model) that promotes communication, legal protection, ethics, empathy, active listening and trust through openness. The specialized service providers to victims of hate crime are not integrated into the general victim support scheme in a systematic way. However, there is ongoing co-operation between the police and civil society. If necessary, the police may decide to refer a victim to a specialized civil society support provider.
The police offer special protection measures to vulnerable victims, including the victims of hate crime, via the “Safety programme”). Such special protection measures include maintaining telephone contact and meeting with the victim, and accompanying the victim in public, including at the crime scene, among others. Victims of all crimes can use the counselling services offered by the police.
Please note that the above text may be subject to updates based on information provided by the National Point of Contact