National frameworks to address hate crime in Norway
This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Norway. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Norway's hate crime report page.
Hate crime recording and data collection
Hate crimes are defined as offences motivated by a person's religion or belief, skin colour, national, or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, disability or other circumstances relating to groups with a particular need for protection.
Hate crimes are recorded separately in the databases of the police and prosecutor's office. They are registered by police as hate crimes when (i) the victim perceives it as such, or (ii) police otherwise identify the bias motive as an aggravating circumstance. In 2018, the Police Directorate issued guidelines for police on registering hate crimes.
Hate crime statistics for the Oslo Police District are regularly published.
The Police Directorate conducts annual public surveys, including questions about the respondents' experiences of hate crime.
Hate crime victim support
Norway offers both general and specialized support to victims of hate crime.
Services are provided both by state-run institutions and civil society organizations. There are dedicated hate crime units in the police, and the police actively reaches out to vulnerable communities.
Victim Support centres operate in all police district. In addition, Oslo Police District has its own "safety programme" to follow up on victims of crimes that occur in public spaces.
The police informs the victim about the investigation and its developments, and sets up direct contact between the victim and a dedicated police officer. There is no established individual needs assessment process. The police, however, uses a technique of investigative interviewing (the so-called "Kreativ" model) that promotes communication, legal protection, ethics, empathy, active listening, and trust through openness. Specialized service providers for victims of hate crime are not integrated into the general victim support scheme in a systematic way. However, there is ongoing co-operation between the police and civil society. If necessary, the police may decide to refer a victim to a specialized civil society support provider.
The police offer special protection measures to vulnerable victims, including victims of hate crime, as part of the "Safety programme". Such special protection measures include maintaining telephone contact, meeting with the victim, and accompanying the victim in public, including at the crime scene. All crime victims can use the counselling services offered by the police.