National frameworks to address hate crime in Cyprus

This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Cyprus. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Cyprus's hate crime report page.


Hate crime recording and data collection

The Cyprus Police records as hate crimes (racial or racially motivated crime) any offence or incident reported or perceived as such by (i) the victim, (ii) a person acting on behalf of the victim, (iii) a person who was present and witnessed the incident, (iv) a member of the police or (v) the Ombudsman. Hate crimes are recorded when bias motivation on the following grounds has been identified: race, community, language, colour, religion, political or other beliefs, ethnic origin, disability, age, sexual orientation or gender.

An internal police system for recording racial or racially motivated incidents/offences has been in place since 2005. It communicates and is partly integrated within the national electronic Crime Report Registry. The system is regulated by Police Standing Order 3/38, and is administered by the Police Office for Combating Discrimination.

In addition to formally recorded hate crimes, the Office gathers data from additional official and non-official channels, such as police station logbooks, civil society organizations or other non-police agencies, media reports and direct disclosures by victims. "Unofficial" information about incidents is cross-checked with other sources and, where relevant, formally recorded and processed as hate crimes.

Police recording and statistics are based on the incident/offence/case approach. Therefore, multiple charges and/or offenders and/or victims are counted as a single incident. Statistics are available on the Cyprus Police website in English and Greek.