Hate crime legislation in Poland
Criminal Code of Poland (1977, as amended December 2022) (excerpts related to Hate Crimes Laws) (English)
Art. 53 [aggravating circumstances]
§ 2a. Aggravating circumstances include in particular:
5) committing a crime as a result of motivation that deserves special condemnation;
6) committing a crime motivated by hatred due to the victim's national, ethnic, racial, political or religious affiliation or because of his lack of religious denomination;
Art. 119. [racist or xenophobic violence or threats]
§ 1. Whoever uses violence or makes unlawful threat towards a group of people or a particular person because of their national, ethnic, racial, political or religious affiliation, or because of their lack of religious beliefs, shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a term of between 3 months and 5 years.
Art. 257. [racist or xenophobic breach of personal inviolability]
§ 1. Whoever publicly insults a group within the population or a particular person because of his national, ethnic, race or religious affiliation or because of his lack of any religious denomination or for these reasons breaches the personal inviolability of another individual shall be subject to the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 3 years.