Hate crime legislation in the Holy See

Law No. VIII, on Complementary Rules in Criminal Law Matters, of 11 July 2013

Article 1: Racial discrimination

1.         For the purposes of this article, “radical discrimination”  means any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.

2.         Whoever commits one of the following acts:

a.         disseminates ideas based on racial superiority or hatred;

b.         incites acts of racial discrimination;

c.         executes or incites others to commit, for racial or ethnic reasons, acts of violence against any race or group of persons of a different color or ethnic origin;

d.         provides any form of support to activities directed toward racial discrimination, including by financing them;

is punished with five to ten years imprisonment.

3.         Whoever constitutes, organizes or directs an organization intended to propagate ideas based on racial superiority or hatred or which promotes or incites racial discrimination, is punished with five to ten years imprisonment.

4.         Whoever participates intentionally in such an organization, is punished, by the mere fact of this participation, with three to seven years imprisonment.

5.         To the offence set forth in this article shall apply also the provisions of article 248, paragraphs 3, 5, 6 and 7 of the Criminal Code.