OSCE participating States agreed in Copenhagen in 1990 that participating States should "guarantee to all persons equal and effective protection against discrimination on any ground". There is no consensus among participating States as to which groups should be specifically protected against hate crimes and which bias motivations should be monitored.
Until 2014, this section has been used to report on those strands of hate crime that have most frequently been reported to ODIHR as being recorded by participating States, NGOs and/or IGOs, and which did not have dedicated reporting category in that period – that is, information on incidents and crimes based on bias towards people based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, on the basis of disability, or on other bias.
Overview of incidents reported by other sources
|Violent attacks against people
|Attacks against property
|Type of incident