National frameworks to address hate crime in Moldova
This page provides information on the national frameworks to address hate crime in Moldova. The information provided here should be viewed alongside data presented on Moldova's hate crime report page.
Hate crime recording and data collection
The Information Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is responsible for collecting data on all crimes committed in Moldova, including hate crimes. There is no separate process or method for the collection of data on hate crime.
The prosecutor's office does not keep separate records of hate crimes. If a prosecutor encounters a hate crime, they fill in the relevant statistical form in the crime record and, after investigating the case, send it to the appropriate territorial police body. Similarly, if a judge considers such a case, the statistician fills in the relevant statistical form, indicating the details of the defendant and the relevant provisions of the criminal code, and sends it to the statistics department of the Ministry of Justice. The latter sends a consolidated account of cases considered by the courts to the national statistics body.
Data on hate crimes are published periodically in newsletters and other materials of the Council on the Prevention and Elimination of Discrimination and Equity.
Hate crime victim support
There is no developed victim support system in Moldova. Victims of hate crime have the same legal status and are entitled to the same support services as other crime victims.
General victim support services are mostly delivered by social services and include shelters run by the state or civil society organizations (CSOs), although these are mostly intended for use by domestic violence victims. CSOs also provide some specialized support to victims of hate crime, including legal and psychological assistance. There is a Council for Preventing and Eliminating Discrimination and Ensuring Equality, which can inform the prosecution in case it learns of a hate crime.
On first contact with a victim, police officers are required to inform them of their rights, including the right to information, the right to psychological assistance guaranteed by the state, legal aid, financial compensation and the right to privacy, which is provided under certain conditions. At the victim's request, psychological assistance may be offered by local offices providing social help but is limited to three months for adult victims and six months for minors. The police may also refer victims to CSOs providing specialized support.
Victims of crime are entitled to state-funded legal aid in cases where the victim is unable to pay a lawyer's fees or is a minor. State-funded legal aid is also provided to the family members of a victim who died as a result of a crime. Some crime victims also have the right to obtain compensation.