The Russian Federation's Criminal Code contains general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. The authorities responsible for collecting data are the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Prosecutor's Office and the Statistical Office.
In its concluding observation on periodic reports of the Russian Federation, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that the Russian authorities concentrate their efforts on responding seriously to racist attacks carried out by ultra-nationalists, neo-Nazi groups and Cossack patrols. CERD also recommended that the authorities ensure adequate punishment for perpetrators of hate crimes and develop training courses for criminal justice agencies on hate crime identification, investigation and prosecution.
ODIHR observes that the Russian Federation does not collect data and statistics on hate crimes.