Montenegro has reported information on hate crimes to ODIHR. Montenegro's Criminal Code contains a general penalty enhancement and a substantive offence provision. Hate crime data are collected by the Montenegrin Prosecutor's Office and the Supreme Court. Data on hate crime are not made publicly available.
CSO Queer Montenegro has been co-operating with the authorities on monitoring the cases of violence targeting the LGBT community. Fifteen such cases have been monitored in 2017 and relevant reports shared with the criminal justice bodies.
In its "Concluding observations on the combined fourth to sixth periodic reports of Montenegro", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) expressed concern at violence against Roma people and at the absence of updated and comprehensive disaggregated data on hate crimes. The Committee recommended that the authorities firmly counter acts of racist violence against any ethnic group, in particular Roma, and punish perpetrators with sanctions commensurate to their acts.
ODIHR observes that Montenegro has not periodically reported to ODIHR the number of hate crimes recorded by police.