Montenegro has reported information on hate crimes to ODIHR. Montenegro's Criminal Code contains a general penalty enhancement and a substantive offence provision. Hate crime data are collected by the Montenegrin Prosecutor's Office and the Supreme Court. Data on hate crime are not made publicly available.
Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Roma and Sinti, Bias against other groups - Sexual orientation or gender identity
In its fifth report on Montenegro, the Council of Europe's European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) commended the improved protection of Roma people against hate crime but observed that LGBT people remain at high risk of being targeted. ECRI recommended that the authorities introduce a coherent system for recording hate crimes and collecting data and that they scale-up the training of criminal justice personnel and ensure that this training specifically addresses the identification of hate crimes. ECRI also recommended that the authorities provide clear instructions to the police about how to investigate hate crimes.
ODIHR observes that Montenegro has not periodically reported to ODIHR the number of hate crimes recorded by police.