The Russian Federation last reported hate crime data to ODIHR for the 2008 Hate Crime Report. The Russian Federation’s Criminal Code contains general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. At the time of their last report, the authorities responsible for collecting data were the Interior Ministry, the Prosecutor’s Office and the Statistical Office.
Official country information
|Year||Hate crimes recorded by police||Prosecuted||Sentenced|
|2015||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2014||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2013||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2012||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2011||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2010||Not available||Not available||Not available|
|2009||Not available||Not available||Not available|
Civil society information
Overview of incidents reported by civil society
|Bias Motivation||Attacks Against People||Attacks Against Property|
|Racism and xenophobia||46||0||1|
|Bias against Muslims||2||0||7|
|Bias against Christians and members of other religions||37||7||38|
|Bias against LGBT people||53||3||0|
The SOVA Centre for Information and Analysis and the European Centre for Democracy Development reported the murders of two Kyrgyz men. The European Centre for Democracy Development reported two additional murders, targeting men from Tajikistan and Ukraine, and one case of vandalism. SOVA reported 20 additional physical assaults, four of which resulted in the death of the victims; and six assaults perpetrated by groups, two of which involved knives. The Moscow Protestant Chaplaincy (MPC) reported eight physical assaults, including one resulting in the death of the victim and six assaults committed by groups.
The Civic Assistance Committee Russia reported four physical assaults, including three committed by groups and one that also involved mixed biases involving racism and targeting the sexual orientation of a Cameroonian man. The Civic Assistance Committee and the UNHCR reported one physical assault against an Egyptian man. SOVA, the MPC, the Civic Assistance Committee Russia and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported one physical assault on a Congolese man. SOVA and the MPC reported one additional physical assault on a Senegalese man. SOVA and the Civic Assistance Committee Russia reported one physical assault against a Sudanese man.
The SOVA Centre for Information and Analysis reported the murder of two women, one arson attack, one physical assault and four incidents of vandalism. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported the vandalization of a Holocaust memorial.
The SOVA Centre for Information and Analysis reported two physical assaults carried out by groups, two arson attacks and four acts of vandalism. The Muslim Problem Research Centre reported one incident of vandalism.
The SOVA Centre for Information and Analysis and Jehovah’s Witnesses – Russia reported ten physical assaults, including four involving weapons; and one case of vandalism.
SOVA also reported eight physical assaults, 15 incidents of vandalism, two arson attacks, two threats and two cases of damage to property. Jehovah’s Witnesses – Russia additionally reported 18 physical assaults, two involving weapons and one carried out by a group; one robbery; five threats; two arson attacks; one burglary; seven cases of damage to property; and eight cases of vandalism, two of which involved graffiti.
The Union of Independent LGBT Activists of Russia and the SOVA Centre for Information and Analysis reported four physical assaults, including one perpetrated by a group.
The Union of Independent LGBT Activists of Russia also reported 37 physical assaults, including 16 carried out by groups and two involving clashes between groups; six robberies; three attempted robberies; and three threats. SOVA reported three physical assaults, including one perpetrated by a group.
Reported incidents are included in the above section.
ODIHR key observations
ODIHR observes that the Russian Federation has not periodically reported reliable information and statistics on hate crimes to ODIHR.