Sweden

Sweden regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Sweden's criminal law contains a general penalty-enhancement provision. Sweden includes defamation, hate speech and discrimination crimes in its data. Hate crime data are collected by the National Council for Crime Prevention and are based on information from the police and the prosecution authority. Since 2012, the number of hate crime cases is estimated based on a statistical sample of police reports. Hate crime reports are published annually. Three different victimization surveys, used to measure unreported hate crime, are conducted regularly.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 Not available Not available Not available
2016 4862 257 Not available
2015 4859 255 Not available
2014 4258 279 Not available
2013 3943 161 Not available

National developments

The Swedish police conducted an internal audit of its work against hate crimes, which led to a decision to allocate more funds to hate crime investigation. The police submitted to government a feedback report concerning hate crimes, which summarizes initiatives and results since the 2014 government decision to enhance efforts to combat hate crimes. An interactive online training programme on hate crime was developed and made accessible to all officers through police intranet, broadening the scope of professional development on hate crimes beyond the appointed specialists. A number of training events on hate crimes have been organized on a regional level by the respective police forces.

The Swedish Police and Prosecution Service's Development Centre in Malmö organized two one-day conferences on hate crime for prosecutors and police officers.

As part of the EU-funded Hate No More project, the Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority co-produced a training manual and a handbook to increase the knowledge of criminal justice professionals of hate crimes and their victims' needs. The Crime Victim Fund of the Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority sponsored a number of civil society initiatives to support victims of hate crimes from the LGBT community and other groups.

The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions and the Equality Ombudsman's Office continued collaboration, exchange of experiences and networking among local authorities in order to improve local responses to hate crimes.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Sweden has not reported information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.