Sweden

Sweden regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Sweden’s criminal law contains a general penalty-enhancement provision. Sweden includes defamation, hate speech and discrimination crimes in its data. Hate crime data are collected by the National Council for Crime Prevention and are based on information from the police and the prosecution authority. Since 2012, the number of hate crime cases is estimated based on a statistical sample of police reports. Hate crime reports are published annually. Three different victimization surveys, used to measure unreported hate crime, are conducted regularly at one, two and three-year intervals, respectively.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 5858 218 -
2017 Not available Not available Not available
2016 4862 257 Not available
2015 4859 255 Not available
2014 4258 279 Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

Hate crime provisions in the Criminal Code have been amended to include transgender identity among the protected characteristics.

The Swedish Police produced several hate crime awareness-raising films and ran chat forums on social media. The Police also formed an internal mentorship network, whereby regional police forces with experienced hate crime specialists act as mentors for those regions that do not have hate crime specialization but aspire to increase their capacity to address hate crimes.

The Swedish Police and Prosecution Service organized national hate crime conferences, aimed at improving practitioners’ awareness and ability to respond to hate crimes.

The Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority continued to sponsor several civil society organizations, providing support to victims of hate crime through its Crime Victim Fund.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Sweden has not reported information on the sentencing of hate crime cases to ODIHR.