Ukraine

Ukraine has submitted information on hate crimes to ODIHR. Ukraine's hate crime laws combine general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and contain a substantive offence. Hate crime data are collected by the General Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the State Department on Sentence Execution and the State Statistics Committee.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 157 79 3
2014 33 33 2
2013 Not available Not available Not available
2012 3 2 Not available
2011 5 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide100
Physical assault500
Incitement to violence2500
Bias against Roma and SintiHomicide200
Arson100
Anti-SemitismHomicide100
Physical assault100
Incitement to violence600
Damage to property600
Arson400
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsHomicide100
Physical assault2100
Incitement to violence1100
Damage to property2500
Arson700
Theft/ robbery100
Attacks against places of worship1600
Vandalism200
Disturbance of the peace1000
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identityPhysical assault300
Incitement to violence100
Damage to property100
Theft/ robbery100
Disturbance of the peace300
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsIncitement to violence200

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 31 racist hate crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded three crimes motivated by bias against Roma and Sinti.

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Official figures recorded 18 anti-Semitic hate crimes.

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Official figures recorded 94 crimes motivated by anti-religious bias.

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Official figures recorded nine crimes based on bias against LGBT people.

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Official figures recorded two crimes motivated by disablist bias.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

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National developments

The National Police of Ukraine instituted a number of measures to improve efficiency in recording and investigating hate crimes in 2015. The main investigation department of the National Police issued an instruction, "on the provision of information concerning the investigation of criminal offenses committed on the grounds of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance." According to this instruction, individual employees who supervise the investigation of these criminal cases were assigned to the investigation departments of the National Police at the regional level, and are also to inform the main investigation department of the results of their investigations.

An employee of the main investigation department of the National Police was assigned to monitor the unified register of pre-trial investigations on the progress and results of investigations of criminal proceedings initiated on the basis of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance, as well as the analysis and verification of information on hate crimes which appear in mass media.

Specialists from the main investigation department of the National Police, in co-operation with representatives from the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, developed recommendations on the "peculiarities of investigating crimes committed by bias motive," aimed at improving the skills of investigative units addressing these crimes.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia2246
Bias against Roma and Sinti004
Anti-Semitism2053
Bias against Muslims102
Bias against Christians and members of other religions33913
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity5725
Total1151583
Grand Total213

Reports

Racism and xenophobia

  • The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported 11 physical assaults and one incident of vandalism.
    read more ›

Bias against Roma and Sinti

  • The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported two incidents of vandalism. The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) reported one attempted arson attack and one incident of vandalism.
    read more ›

Anti-Semitism

  • The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU), the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress (EAJC) and the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (SMM) reported two arson attacks. The CNCU and the EAJC reported one physical assault, three arson attacks, an attempted arson attack, two incidents of the desecration of graves, 12 cases of damage to property and one theft. The EAJC and the SMM reported one incident of the desecration of graves.
    read more ›

Bias against Muslims

  • The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) reported one physical assault. The CNCU also reported two incidents of damage to property in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine.
    read more ›

Bias against Christians and members of other religions

  • The European Centre for Democracy Development reported two physical assaults carried out by groups in altercations on church premises, and three arson attacks on churches.
    read more ›

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • Nash Mir reported four incidents in which gay men were murdered; 40 physical assaults, of which 26 caused injuries and three were committed by large groups; four incidents of robbery and one threat. The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) and the European Centre for Democracy Development also reported the murder of an LGBT activist.
    read more ›

IGO information

Racism and xenophobia

  • The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that they have continued to co-operate with civil society within the framework of the Diversity Initiative monitoring network. At the initiative of the UNHCR and the IOM, a working group is being established under the auspices of the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine to improve the investigation and documentation of hate crimes. The UNHCR has strengthened training for protection monitors on identifying hate crimes and xenophobia, with an emphasis on minorities such as Roma, Crimean Tatars, and sexual and religious minorities. Also, in December 2015, the UNHCR conducted training for new patrol police in Kyiv, covering the issues of cultural diversity and hate crimes, and, jointly with the IOM and ODIHR, organized an expert roundtable on combating hate crimes in Ukraine.

  • In its "Concluding observations on the twenty-second and twenty-third periodic reports of Ukraine", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that all hate crimes be duly registered, investigated and prosecuted under article 161 of the criminal code, that disaggregated statistics on hate crimes be compiled, and the continuation of training police on hate crime.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Ukraine has not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.