Ukraine

Ukraine has submitted information on hate crimes to ODIHR. Ukraine's hate crime laws combine general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and contain a substantive offence. Hate crime data are collected by the General Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the State Department on Sentence Execution and the State Statistics Committee.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   157 79 3
2014   33 33 2
2013 Not available Not available Not available
2012   3 2 Not available
2011 5 Not available Not available
2010 5 Not available Not available
2009 2 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide1
Physical assault5
Incitement to violence25
Bias against Roma and SintiHomicide2
Arson1
Anti-SemitismHomicide1
Physical assault1
Incitement to violence6
Damage to property6
Arson4
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsHomicide1
Physical assault21
Incitement to violence11
Damage to property25
Arson7
Theft/ robbery1
Attacks against places of worship16
Vandalism2
Disturbance of the peace10
Bias against LGBT peoplePhysical assault3
Incitement to violence1
Damage to property1
Theft/ robbery1
Disturbance of the peace3
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsIncitement to violence2

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 31 racist hate crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded three crimes motivated by bias against Roma and Sinti.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 18 anti-Semitic hate crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 94 crimes motivated by anti-religious bias.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded nine crimes based on bias against LGBT people.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded two crimes motivated by disablist bias.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

National developments

The National Police of Ukraine instituted a number of measures to improve efficiency in recording and investigating hate crimes in 2015. The main investigation department of the National Police issued an instruction, "on the provision of information concerning the investigation of criminal offenses committed on the grounds of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance." According to this instruction, individual employees who supervise the investigation of these criminal cases were assigned to the investigation departments of the National Police at the regional level, and are also to inform the main investigation department of the results of their investigations.

An employee of the main investigation department of the National Police was assigned to monitor the unified register of pre-trial investigations on the progress and results of investigations of criminal proceedings initiated on the basis of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance, as well as the analysis and verification of information on hate crimes which appear in mass media.

Specialists from the main investigation department of the National Police, in co-operation with representatives from the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, developed recommendations on the "peculiarities of investigating crimes committed by bias motive," aimed at improving the skills of investigative units addressing these crimes.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia2246
Bias against Roma and Sinti004
Anti-Semitism2053
Bias against Muslims102
Bias against Christians and members of other religions33913
Bias against LGBT people5725
Total1151583
Grand Total213

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported 11 physical assaults and one incident of vandalism.

  • The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) and the European Centre for Democracy Development reported two physical assaults, including one committed by a group. The victims were Nigerian and Tajik men. The CNCU, the UNHCR and Right 2 Protection (R2P) reported two physical assaults, which targeted a Somali and a Guinean man, respectively. The UNHCR and R2P reported one physical assault and three incidents of threats.

  • The CNCU additionally reported four physical assaults including two committed by a group and one with the use of a knife; and one attempted arson attack. The European Centre for Democracy Development reported one attack on foreigners in a club, carried out by a large group armed with baseball bats and knives, and one physical assault.

  • The UNHCR reported one incident in which a Syrian man was threatened by an armed group in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine. The CNCU also reported three incidents of vandalism targeting Tatar memorials or stores, and one incident of the desecration of a religious Tatar memorial in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine.

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported two incidents of vandalism. The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) reported one attempted arson attack and one incident of vandalism.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU), the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress (EAJC) and the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (SMM) reported two arson attacks. The CNCU and the EAJC reported one physical assault, three arson attacks, an attempted arson attack, two incidents of the desecration of graves, 12 cases of damage to property and one theft. The EAJC and the SMM reported one incident of the desecration of graves.

  • The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported 22 incidents of vandalism. The European Centre for Democracy Development reported three arson attacks.

  • The Anti-Defamation League (ADL), the European Centre for Democracy Development and the Kantor Centre reported three incidents of vandalism against Holocaust memorials. The European Centre for Democracy Development and the Kantor Centre reported three additional incidents of vandalism against Holocaust memorials.

  • The EAJC reported one incident in which a pregnant woman was abducted and assaulted in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine.

Bias against Muslims
  • The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) reported one physical assault. The CNCU also reported two incidents of damage to property in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • The European Centre for Democracy Development reported two physical assaults carried out by groups in altercations on church premises, and three arson attacks on churches.

  • The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) and the European Centre for Democracy Development reported one attempted arson attack on a church, and the CNCU reported an attempted arson attack on the same church. The Research Institute of Social Initiatives Ukraine reported one further arson attack on a church.

  • Jehovah’s Witnesses – Ukraine reported 21 physical assaults, eight threats, on incident of vandalism and two incidents of graffiti.

  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported four physical assaults located in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine. Jehovah’s Witnesses – Ukraine also reported two physical assaults, one burglary, one robbery and one incident of threat located in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine.

  • The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported the murders of a priest and a nun of the Orthodox Church; and three thefts targeting a church, followed by an attempt to set it alight.

    The OIDC also reported the kidnapping of an evangelical pastor in territories that are not under the control of the Ukrainian authorities.

Bias against LGBT people
  • Nash Mir, the CNCU and the European Centre for Democracy Development also reported two incidents of physical assault carried out by groups.  Nash Mir and the CNCU reported two additional arson attacks.

  • The CNCU reported six additional physical assaults and one arson attack. Fulcrum Ukraine reported one incident of vandalism and one threat. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported one arson attack against an LGBT community Centre.

  • Nash Mir reported four incidents in which gay men were murdered; 40 physical assaults, of which 26 caused injuries and three were committed by large groups; four incidents of robbery and one threat. The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) and the European Centre for Democracy Development also reported the murder of an LGBT activist.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that they have continued to co-operate with civil society within the framework of the Diversity Initiative monitoring network. At the initiative of the UNHCR and the IOM, a working group is being established under the auspices of the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine to improve the investigation and documentation of hate crimes. The UNHCR has strengthened training for protection monitors on identifying hate crimes and xenophobia, with an emphasis on minorities such as Roma, Crimean Tatars, and sexual and religious minorities. Also, in December 2015, the UNHCR conducted training for new patrol police in Kyiv, covering the issues of cultural diversity and hate crimes, and, jointly with the IOM and ODIHR, organized an expert roundtable on combating hate crimes in Ukraine.

  • In its "Concluding observations on the twenty-second and twenty-third periodic reports of Ukraine", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that all hate crimes be duly registered, investigated and prosecuted under article 161 of the criminal code, that disaggregated statistics on hate crimes be compiled, and the continuation of training police on hate crime.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Ukraine has not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.