Romania

Romania regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Romania's criminal law contains a general penalty-enhancement provision and a substantive offence. Police data and prosecution data also include hate speech offences. The Ministry of Administration and Interior, the police, the Prosecutor's Office and the Superior Council of Magistracy collect hate crime data.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 2 2 33
2017 1 0 8
2016 10 21 50
2015 15 24 59
2014 25 20 Not available

National developments

A law on preventing and fighting anti-Semitism has been passed and entered into force.

The Romanian Police has established a working group to guide the implementation of a number of measures aimed at increasing the effectiveness of hate crime investigations, registration and data collection on hate crimes, and at furthering the hate crime training for officers. A working group comprising representatives of the Romanian Police, General Prosecutor's Office and the NGO ACCEPT has developed a methodology on investigating hate crimes. It is currently focusing on integrating the IT systems used by the police, prosecutors and courts, including to ensure that information on hate crimes is transferable.

The Police have also worked to map and present on its website a list of civil society organizations that provide support to hate crime victims, with the aim of establishing an effective referral mechanism.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Romania's law enforcement agencies have not recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes.