United Kingdom

The United Kingdom regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. The United Kingdom's hate crime laws are a combination of general penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, hate crime data are collected by the Association of Chief Police Officers, the Crown Prosecution Service and the Home Office. In Scotland, data are collected by the Procurator Fiscal. Police and prosecution data, which cover the reporting period from April to March of the following year, are regularly published. The United Kingdom conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crimes.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2016 80,763 20,321 Not available
2015 62518 21300 13103
2014 52853 4872 549
2013 47986 19689 12353
2012 47676 19205 10794

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

In July 2016, the Department for Communities and Local Government, the Home Office, and the Ministry of Justice published an action plan on hate crime entitled Action Against Hate: The UK Government's plan for Tackling Hate Crime.

In October, the Crown Prosecution Service published revised guidelines on prosecuting cases involving communications sent via social media, which now includes a section on hate crime to equip prosecutors to address these cases.

In August 2017, as part of its #HateCrimeMatters campaign, the Crown Prosecution Service published Public Policy Statements and Legal Guidance on the monitored strands of hate crime.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the United Kingdom has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting.