The United Kingdom regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. The United Kingdom's hate crime laws are a combination of general penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, hate crime data are collected by the Association of Chief Police Officers, the Crown Prosecution Service and the Home Office. In Scotland, data are collected by the Procurator Fiscal. Police and prosecution data, which cover the reporting period from April to March of the following year, are regularly published. The United Kingdom conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crimes.
Hate crimes recorded by police
The police regularly exchange data about recorded incidents with the Community Security Trust (CST) and Tell MAMA, two civil society organizations. As a result, some of the incidents reported by these two organizations are also included in the official data reported by police, notably concerning incidents motivated by bias against Muslims and anti-Semitism.
In July 2016, the Department for Communities and Local Government, the Home Office, and the Ministry of Justice published an action plan on hate crime entitled Action Against Hate: The UK Government's plan for Tackling Hate Crime.
In October, the Crown Prosecution Service published revised guidelines on prosecuting cases involving communications sent via social media, which now includes a section on hate crime to equip prosecutors to address these cases.
In August 2017, as part of its #HateCrimeMatters campaign, the Crown Prosecution Service published Public Policy Statements and Legal Guidance on the monitored strands of hate crime.
In its report, the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) for the United Kingdom, recommended that the authorities efficiently implement the government's new "Hate Crime Action Plan" and monitor its implementation as a means of reviewing approaches by criminal justice agencies to increasing hate crime.
ODIHR observes that the United Kingdom has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting.