Germany

Germany regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Germany's Criminal Code contains a sentencing provision applicable to any crime in the Code. Hate crime data are collected as part of its framework addressing politically-motivated crimes. Data on hate crime and hate speech are collected together; however, authorities are able to disaggregate data on violent offences. Authorities responsible for data collection include the police at the state and federal levels and the Federal Statistics Office.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   3046 Not available Not available
2014   3059 Not available Not available
2013   4647 Not available Not available
2012   4514 Not available Not available
2011   4040 Not available Not available
2010   3770 Not available Not available
2009   4583 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide8
Physical assault977
Damage to property913
Arson99
Theft/ robbery44
Desecration of graves2
Disturbance of the peace45
Threats/ threatening behaviour359
Anti-SemitismPhysical assault34
Damage to property115
Arson2
Theft/ robbery17
Desecration of graves3
Threats/ threatening behaviour21
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsHomicide3
Physical assault85
Damage to property154
Arson5
Theft/ robbery1
Desecration of graves3
Disturbance of the peace6
Threats/ threatening behaviour82
Bias against LGBT peoplePhysical assault51
Damage to property10
Theft/ robbery3
Disturbance of the peace1
Threats/ threatening behaviour15
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault3
Threats/ threatening behaviour2

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures record 2,447 hate crimes motivated by racism and xenophobia. 

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 192 anti-Semitic crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 339 crimes based on bias against religion.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 80 crimes based on bias against sexual orientation.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 5 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

This category also includes attempted murders.

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes causing bodily injury, sexual offences, offences involving use of explosives and extortion.

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

This category consists of cases of robberies and thefts.

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As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes breaching the public peace, dangerous disruption of transport, and resisting public authority.

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Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia825
Anti-Semitism581066
Bias against Muslims212
Bias against Christians and members of other religions6317
Bias against LGBT people1176912
Total19185102
Grand Total378

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) and Human Rights First reported a knife attack on an activist working with refugees and an arson attack on a refugee shelter. Insaan reported threats to a young woman who was perceived to be foreign.

  • Amnesty International reported five assaults on people perceived to be foreigners or refugees, including two in which groups attacked refugee shelters; and an incident of damage to a refugee shelter in which windows were smashed and stink bombs thrown inside.

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Project reported 1,004 racist and xenophobic incidents, which included physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.

  • The European Centre for Democracy Development reported an incident in which a football team consisting of asylum seekers was attacked by another group, and an attack carried out by a group with weapons that targeted a group of North Africans. The Centre also reported threats against two Egyptian asylum seekers, one incident of damage to accommodations for asylum-seekers, one arson attack against planned accommodations for a family of Iraqi refugees and one incident of vandalism targeting an asylum seekers' home.

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Projects reported 32 anti-Roma incidents, which included physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Amadeu Antonio Foundation reported 12 physical assaults, including four assaults committed by groups; three threats; four incidents of damage to property; 15 incidents of vandalism and the desecration of graves in a Jewish cemetery.

  • Amadeu Antonio and the Department for Research and Information on Antisemitism (RIAS) reported two additional physical assaults, two threats and six incidents of vandalism. RIAS further reported five physical assaults, one of which was carried out by a group; one robbery; five threats; one arson attack; 34 incidents of vandalism and one computer hacking.

  • The European Centre for Democracy Development and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported an assault on an Israeli man and one incident of graffiti targeting a Jewish cemetery and nearby cars, which was also reported by the Kantor Center.

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Projects reported 43 anti-Semitic incidents, including physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.

  • The ADL reported an additional incident of anti-Semitic graffiti. The Kantor Center reported 37 violent incidents, one incident of vandalism and the desecration of a grave.

Bias against Muslims
  • Insaan reported two physical assaults, including an attack carried by a group on an elderly Sikh man mistaken for a Muslim, an incident of threats and two incidents of vandalism involving graffiti.

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Project reported 20 incidents targeting Muslims, including physical assaults, harassment, threats, damage to property and other types of incidents.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • Jehovah's Witnesses – Germany reported a physical assault on a man; one threat that also caused damage to the victim's vehicle; two incidents of damage to property, including one that involved the use of an air-gun and one targeting a place of worship; and six incidents of graffiti on places of worship.

  • The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported five physical assaults, including one in which a knife was used and another three carried out by a group; two threats, including one in which a statue was damaged and witnesses threatened; three arson attacks on churches and a Christian organization office; one incident of damage to a church; and five incidents of vandalism that targeted church premises.

Bias against LGBT people
  • MANEO reported 78 physical assaults targeting LGBT people, including eight that were classified as serious; 39 robberies; 9 burglaries; two incidents of damage to property; one case of vandalism; and 69 incidents of threats.

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Project reported 57 homophobic and transphobic incidents, including physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.

    The Lesbian and Gay Federation of Germany reported 42 incidents of physical assault.  

Bias against people with disabilities and other groups
  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Project reported four incidents targeting people with disabilities, including physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • In its "Concluding observations on the combined nineteenth to twenty-second periodic reports of Germany", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that an explicit duty to investigate and document any racist motive of criminal offences be imposed on the police, that police be trained on reporting and investigating hate crimes, and that Germany's hate crime data-collection system be improved. CERD also expressed concerns about the increase in attacks against asylum-seekers and called for them to be protected from racially motivated violence.

  • The Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, in the annual activity report following his country visit to Germany, welcomed amendments to the criminal code that made racist motivation an aggravating circumstance. The Commissioner also called on the authorities to improve the recording of hate crimes, in particular by increasing the disaggregation of data, to introduce guidance for police and prosecutors, and to train all criminal justice actors on hate crimes.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Germany has not reported the numbers of prosecuted and/or information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.