Czech Republic

The Czech Republic regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. The Czech Republic's hate crime laws consist of a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. The data reported to ODIHR combine hate crime and hate speech. The Informatics and Analytical Centre of the Criminal Police and Investigation Service of the Police Presidium, the Analytical and Legislative Department of the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office and the Informatics Department of the Ministry of Justice collect hate crime data, which are then published annually in a Report on Extremism.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 64 20 29
2014 24 32 41
2013 41 43 24
2012 173 289 159
2011 238 284 158
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaPhysical assault500
Incitement to violence700
Vandalism300
Disturbance of the peace300
Threats/ threatening behaviour700
Unspecified100
Bias against Roma and SintiPhysical assault100
Incitement to violence600
Damage to property100
Disturbance of the peace100
Threats/ threatening behaviour1200
Unspecified100
Anti-SemitismThreats/ threatening behaviour100
Bias against MuslimsIncitement to violence300
Threats/ threatening behaviour300
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault100
Incitement to violence100
UnspecifiedIncitement to violence100
Damage to property200
Vandalism100
Disturbance of the peace100
Threats/ threatening behaviour200

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 26 racist and xenophobic hate crimes, including five physical assaults, seven cases of incitement to violence, three instances of disturbance of the peace, three cases of vandalism, seven cases of threats, and one other crime.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 22 hate crimes motivated by bias against Roma. These included one physical assault, one case of damage to property, 12 cases of threats, one case of disturbance of the peace and six cases of incitement to violence.

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Official figures recorded one case of anti-Semitic threats.

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Official figures recorded three cases of threats motivated by bias against Muslims and three cases of incitement to violence against Muslims.

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The authorities recorded one physical assault motivated by bias against religion and one case of incitement to violence against Christians.

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Official figures recorded seven hate crimes motivated by unspecified biases. This included two cases of damage to property, one case of vandalism, one case of disturbance of the peace, two cases of threats and one case of incitement to violence.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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This category includes violence against police officers, and illegal entry into a building.

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National developments

An amendment to the hate crime provisions of the criminal code was drafted and discussed at the ministerial level. The amendments would include sexual orientation among protected characteristics for the purposes of sentence enhancement.

The European Union's Victims Directive, an Act on the Victims of Crime came into effect, providing for assistance to hate crime victims. Subsequently, a new training programme for the police on specific victim needs has been developed and is being implemented. The authorities also supported the work of a civil society organization providing services to hate crime victims.

The Hate Free Culture campaign, which began in 2014, continued with the creation of hate free zones – cafes, clubs and other facilities, which declare their space as a place without hatred and violence.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia987
Bias against Roma and Sinti12135
Anti-Semitism3610
Bias against Muslims688
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity210
Total323630
Grand Total98

Reports

Racism and xenophobia

  • In IUSTITIA reported nine physical assaults, eight threats, three incidents of damage to property and four incidents of vandalism involving graffiti.
    read more ›

Bias against Roma and Sinti

  • In IUSTITIA reported 12 physical assaults, 13 threats, two incidents of damage to property and three incidents involving graffiti.
    read more ›

Anti-Semitism

  • The Federation of Jewish Communities reported two incidents of threats and three incidents of vandalism against a Holocaust memorial, a Jewish school and a memorial to Oskar Schindler, respectively.
    read more ›

Bias against Muslims

  • In IUSTITIA reported six physical assaults, eight threats, five incidents of damage to property and one incident of graffiti. SETA reported two additional incidents of vandalism targeting one mosque, in which windows were broken and motor oil spilled over doors and walls.
    read more ›

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • ILGA-Europe and In IUSTITIA reported two physical assaults, including one in which a transgender victim suffered injuries requiring hospital treatment; and threats towards a lesbian couple, in which one of the women was transgender.
    read more ›

IGO information

Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Roma and Sinti, Bias against Muslims

  • In its "Concluding observations on the combined tenth and eleventh periodic reports of the Czech Republic", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) emphasized the importance of effectively investigating and prosecuting hate crimes. CERD also expressed its concern about continued racially motivated violence against Roma people and on the increase in racially-motivated violence against Muslim communities.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the Czech Republic has not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.