Czech Republic

The Czech Republic regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. The Czech Republic's hate crime laws consist of a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and substantive offences. The data reported to ODIHR combine hate crime and hate speech. The Informatics and Analytical Centre of the Criminal Police and Investigation Service of the Police Presidium, the Analytical and Legislative Department of the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office and the Informatics Department of the Ministry of Justice collect hate crime data, which are then published annually in a Report on Extremism.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   64 20 29
2014   24 32 41
2013   41 43 24
2012   173 289 159
2011   238 284 158
2010   252 287 52
2009   265 228 103
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaPhysical assault5
Incitement to violence7
Vandalism3
Disturbance of the peace3
Threats/ threatening behaviour7
Unspecified1
Bias against Roma and SintiPhysical assault1
Incitement to violence6
Damage to property1
Disturbance of the peace1
Threats/ threatening behaviour12
Unspecified1
Anti-SemitismThreats/ threatening behaviour1
Bias against MuslimsIncitement to violence3
Threats/ threatening behaviour3
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault1
Incitement to violence1
UnspecifiedIncitement to violence1
Damage to property2
Vandalism1
Disturbance of the peace1
Threats/ threatening behaviour2

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 26 racist and xenophobic hate crimes, including five physical assaults, seven cases of incitement to violence, three instances of disturbance of the peace, three cases of vandalism, seven cases of threats, and one other crime.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 22 hate crimes motivated by bias against Roma. These included one physical assault, one case of damage to property, 12 cases of threats, one case of disturbance of the peace and six cases of incitement to violence.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded one case of anti-Semitic threats.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded three cases of threats motivated by bias against Muslims and three cases of incitement to violence against Muslims.

As divided by type of crime:

The authorities recorded one physical assault motivated by bias against religion and one case of incitement to violence against Christians.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded seven hate crimes motivated by unspecified biases. This included two cases of damage to property, one case of vandalism, one case of disturbance of the peace, two cases of threats and one case of incitement to violence.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes violence against police officers, and illegal entry into a building.

As divided by bias motivation:

National developments

An amendment to the hate crime provisions of the criminal code was drafted and discussed at the ministerial level. The amendments would include sexual orientation among protected characteristics for the purposes of sentence enhancement.

The European Union's Victims Directive, an Act on the Victims of Crime came into effect, providing for assistance to hate crime victims. Subsequently, a new training programme for the police on specific victim needs has been developed and is being implemented. The authorities also supported the work of a civil society organization providing services to hate crime victims.

The Hate Free Culture campaign, which began in 2014, continued with the creation of hate free zones – cafes, clubs and other facilities, which declare their space as a place without hatred and violence.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia987
Bias against Roma and Sinti12135
Anti-Semitism3610
Bias against Muslims688
Bias against LGBT people210
Total323630
Grand Total98

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • In IUSTITIA reported nine physical assaults, eight threats, three incidents of damage to property and four incidents of vandalism involving graffiti.

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • In IUSTITIA reported 12 physical assaults, 13 threats, two incidents of damage to property and three incidents involving graffiti.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Federation of Jewish Communities reported two incidents of threats and three incidents of vandalism against a Holocaust memorial, a Jewish school and a memorial to Oskar Schindler, respectively.

  • In IUSTITIA reported three physical assaults, four threats, two incidents of damage to property and five incidents of anti-Semitic graffiti.

Bias against Muslims
  • In IUSTITIA reported six physical assaults, eight threats, five incidents of damage to property and one incident of graffiti. SETA reported two additional incidents of vandalism targeting one mosque, in which windows were broken and motor oil spilled over doors and walls.

Bias against LGBT people
  • ILGA-Europe and In IUSTITIA reported two physical assaults, including one in which a transgender victim suffered injuries requiring hospital treatment; and threats towards a lesbian couple, in which one of the women was transgender.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Roma and Sinti, Bias against Muslims
  • In its "Concluding observations on the combined tenth and eleventh periodic reports of the Czech Republic", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) emphasized the importance of effectively investigating and prosecuting hate crimes. CERD also expressed its concern about continued racially motivated violence against Roma people and on the increase in racially-motivated violence against Muslim communities.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that the Czech Republic has not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.