Italy

Italy regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Italy’s Criminal Code contains general penalty-enhancement and substantive offence provisions. Hate crime data are collected by law-enforcement authorities and the Ministry of Interior. Data are not made publicly available.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   555 Not available Not available
2014   596 Not available Not available
2013   472 Not available Not available
2012   71 Not available 10
2011   68 31 19
2010   56 Not available 60
2009   134 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide1
Physical assault30
Damage to property7
Theft/ robbery8
Vandalism4
Threats/ threatening behaviour37
Disturbance of the peace3
Unspecified279
Bias against LGBT peoplePhysical assault18
Damage to property3
Theft/ robbery1
Threats/ threatening behaviour7
Unspecified16
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault20
Damage to property18
Threats/ threatening behaviour2
Unspecified101

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 369 racist and xenophobic crimes.

This category includes crimes registered as committed with a bias against "Race/color", "Ethnicity/national origin/minority", "Citizenship", "Language" and "Roma and Sinti".

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 45 crimes based on bias against LGBT people.

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Official figures recorded 141 crimes motivated by bias against people with disabilities.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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This category includes weapons and drug related crimes, hate crimes committed online, other unspecified offences with bias motive, as well as others, which do not fall within the OSCE definition of hate crimes.

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National developments

Within the framework of the "LGBTI National Strategy" (which started in 2014), eight half-day training workshops were held for National Police and Carabinieri officers. In October 2015, within the framework of the PRISM European Project, a training workshop was held in Rome for police officers and legal experts, aimed at increasing awareness and skills for preventing and countering discrimination and, in particular, discrimination-based crimes. Training activities for the National Police also included seminars focusing on discrimination and hate crimes.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia27327
Bias against Roma and Sinti527
Anti-Semitism514
Bias against Muslims109
Bias against Christians and members of other religions117
Bias against LGBT people100
Total40754
Grand Total101

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • Lunaria reported the murder of a Malian man and four attempted murders of migrants, refugees or asylum-seekers. Lunaria also reported 21 physical assaults, which included 11 that caused serious injuries, five that were carried out by groups, including one which caused serious injury to a Pakistani man, one which involved robbery and one sexual assault. Victims included people from Afghanistan, Albania, Brazil, Colombia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Tunisia.

  • The European Centre for Democracy and Development and Lunaria reported a further physical assault in which a group armed with a knife attacked a Romanian man.

  • Lunaria also reported six arson attacks, three of which targeted premises allocated to refugees and one which targeted a Nigerian grocery store; three incidents of damage to refugee accommodations; three incidents of threats, including against refugees and a person from Bangladesh; one theft; and 17 incidents of vandalism.

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • Lunaria and the Association 21 July reported the murder of a Roma man when shots were fired at a caravan and one incident in which a compressor gun was fired in the direction of a Roma camp, injuring one resident.

  • The Association 21 July also reported two incidents in which shots were fired at Roma camps, one of which also involved an arson attack; five arson attacks targeting Roma neighborhoods or caravans; one incident of vandalism and two threats. Lunaria further reported one physical assault and one incident of vandalism.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported the attempted murder of a Jewish man who was stabbed multiple times and one incident of vandalism. Lunaria reported one threat and three incidents graffiti. The Kantor Centre reported four violent incidents targeting Jewish people.

Bias against Muslims
  • Lunaria reported one physical assault against a veiled woman, one arson attack targeting an Islamic centre, two cases of damage to property, three incidents graffiti and one incident of the desecration a mosque.

    Lunaria and SETA reported one arson attack against a halal butcher shop. SETA reported one additional arson attack on a mosque.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported a physical assault on soldiers protecting a cathedral, one incident of damage to church property, three incidents of vandalism and the desecration of a church.

    Jehovah’s Witnesses – Italy reported one incident of damage to a place of worship, one case of vandalism and one threat.

Bias against LGBT people
  • Transgender Europe reported the murder of a Brazilian transgender person.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • In its fifth report on Italy, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that the Criminal Code be amended to include colour and language as protected characteristics. ECRI also emphasized the need to improve Italy’s hate crime data-collection system, in order to produce more detailed statistics.

  • The Advisory Committee of Council of Europe on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, in its Fourth Opinion on Italy, praised the work accomplished by the Observatory for Security against Acts of Discrimination OSCAD, the Ministry of Interior’s anti-discrimination body, and the training for law enforcement personnel that were developed in co-operation with ODIHR.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported two incidents of the desecration of graves; six incidents of theft in churches; one incident of the desecration of communion bread; one burglary involving vandalism; and five incidents of vandalism, three of which involved graffiti on a Catholic church, one of which was also reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC).

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Italy has not reported the numbers of prosecuted and information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.