Italy

Italy regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Italy’s Criminal Code contains general penalty-enhancement and substantive offence provisions. Hate crime data are collected by law-enforcement authorities and the Ministry of Interior. Data are not made publicly available.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2014   596 Not available Not available
2013   472 Not available Not available
2012   71 Not available 10
2011   68 31 19
2010   56 Not available 60
2009   134 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide1
Physical assault34
Damage to property11
Theft/ robbery9
Vandalism4
Threats/ threatening behaviour52
Disturbance of the peace3
Unspecified299
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault6
Damage to property16
Theft/ robbery44
Threats/ threatening behaviour20
Unspecified67
Bias against LGBT peopleHomicide1
Physical assault1
Vandalism5
Threats/ threatening behaviour5
Unspecified15
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsUnspecified3

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 413 racist and xenophobic crimes, including one murder, 34 assaults, 11 property damage crimes, nine cases of theft or robbery, four cases of vandalism, 52 threats, three cases of disturbance of the peace and 299 other unspecified crimes.

This category includes crimes registered as committed with a bias against "Race/colour," "Ethnicity/national origin/minority", "Citizenship", "Language" and "Roma and Sinti".

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 153 anti-religious crimes, including six assaults, 16 property damage crimes, 44 cases of theft or robbery, 20 cases of threats and 67 other crimes.

This category includes anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim, anti-Christian and all other anti-religious hate crimes.

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Official figures recorded 27 crimes against LGBT people, including one homicide, one assault, five cases of threats, five vandalism cases and 27 other crimes.

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Official figures recorded three anti-disability hate crimes.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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This category includes weapons and drug related crimes, hate crimes committed online, other unspecified offences with bias motive, as well as others, which do not fall within the OSCE definition of hate crimes.

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National developments

The Ministry of Interior's Department of Public Security continued implementing the ODIHR-sponsored TAHCLE programme. Selected public security officials and 15 Carabinieri officers were trained as trainers and an additional 100 police superintendents and 60 Carabinieri officers were directly trained by ODIHR.

In follow-up to TAHCLE, and as part of a large-scale training campaign, a number of trainings courses for law enforcement and Carabinieri were organized, addressing issues of discrimination and hate crimes. The courses are five teaching hours long and address operational aspects of police work. About 1,850 police officers, including border police officers, were trained.

As part of the national strategy to prevent and combat discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, covering the 2013-2015 period, National Office against Racial Discrimination (UNAR) organized two training courses (training-of-trainers) for 28 National Police and 28 Carabinieri officers.

Furthermore, a 2013-2015 national action plan against racism, xenophobia and intolerance has been developed and is pending final approval by the competent political bodies.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia43133
Bias against Roma and Sinti579
Anti-Semitism1113
Bias against Muslims111
Bias against Christians and members of other religions3210
Bias against LGBT people100
Total542436
Grand Total114

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • Lunaria reported 37 incidents of physical assault, of which 21 caused serious injuries requiring medical attention and three were carried out by groups; six attacks by groups against groups of victims, including four incidents where residences were attacked, and one incident of robbery committed by a group, during which the victim was also stoned. Lunaria also reported two arson attacks on lodgings for immigrants, one incident in which firecrackers were thrown inside a settlement for refugees, one incident in which gunshots were fired towards a refugee centre, 11 incidents of threats, and one incident of graffiti.

  • World Without Nazism reported the murder of a Pakistani citizen; two physical assaults, including one causing serious injuries and another in which African immigrants were attacked by a group; and one incident of graffiti.

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • The Association 21 July and Lunaria reported an arson attack on a Roma settlement and two incidents in which gunshots were fired at the homes of Roma families.

    Lunaria additionally reported two physical assaults carried out by groups and two attacks on Roma settlements by groups, one arson attack on a Roma settlement and two incidents of threats, including a series of threats made against a local official supporting Roma-friendly initiatives.

    The Association 21 July additionally reported a series of assaults against four Roma people carried out by a group, a bomb threat against a reception facility for Roma families housing 400 people, seven arson attacks against the homes of Roma families and two incidents in which gunshots were fired at the homes of Roma families.

  • World Without Nazism reported one incident of anti-Roma graffiti.

Anti-Semitism
  • World Without Nazism reported one incident of threats, six incidents of anti-Semitic graffiti and one incident of damage to property.

  • The Observatory for anti-Semitism and Lunaria reported a series of threatening incidents occurring in the days surrounding Holocaust Remembrance Day on 27 January, in which pigs' heads were sent to six Jewish institutions and activists. Lunaria reported a physical assault on a Maghrebin man who was presumed to be Jewish. The Observatory for anti-Semitism reported five incidents of graffiti, including a series of Holocaust-denying graffiti in the days surrounding 27 January.

Bias against Muslims
  • Lunaria reported one physical assault against an Eritrean man, during which anti-Muslim insults were used, and one incident of threats targeting a municipal official because of her faith, leading to her decision to leave Italy.

  • World Without Nazism reported one incident of anti-Muslim graffiti.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported the attempted murder of a Christian Nigerian woman, one incident of damage to a church and an arson attack on a nativity scene.

  • Jehovah's Witnesses – Italy reported two physical assaults, including one causing serious injuries, one arson attack on a place of worship, two incidents of threats, two incidents of graffiti, and one incident of damage to a place of worship.

  • World Without Nazism reported an arson attack against a Catholic school, two incidents of vandalism and one incident of the desecration of a church.

Bias against LGBT people
  • World Without Nazism reported one homophobic physical assault.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • The UN Universal Periodic Review Working Group recommended in its report that authorities reinforce measures to combat attacks against minority groups, by emphasizing prevention of and follow-up on these acts.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported five incidents of the desecration of cemeteries, four incidents of burglaries or thefts in churches in which communion bread was stolen, and three cases of vandalism. The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) also reported one of these thefts and one of the incidents of vandalism. The Holy See additionally reported two incidents of graffiti and one incident of damage to property. The Italian authorities reported that bias motivation could not be confirmed in any of the incidents.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Italy has not reported the numbers of prosecuted and information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.