Canada

Canada regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Canada's hate crime laws are a combination of a substantive offence and a general penalty-enhancement provision. Police-reported hate crime data are collected by Statistics Canada, the national statistical agency. Hate crime statistics are regularly published . Canada conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 2073 Not available Not available
2016 1409 Not available Not available
2015 1362 Not available Not available
2014 1295 Not available Not available
2013 1140 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

This data indicates the number of criminal incidents recorded by police in 2017.

National developments

The Criminal Code's hate crime provisions were amended by including gender identity and gender expression in the list of protected characteristics.

At the Ministry of Public Safety Canada, the Communities at Risk Security Infrastructure Program (SIP) supported projects to help communities with a demonstrated history of being victimized by hate-motivated crime enhance their security infrastructure.

The Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence within the Ministry of Public Safety Canada administers the Ministry's Community Resilience Fund, which has been used to support research into hate speech and hate incidents and radicalization to violence and/or to develop effective prevention methods.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Canada has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.