Turkey

Turkey regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Turkey's Criminal Code contains a specific penalty-enhancement provision. Data are collected by the Interior Ministry and the Ministry of Justice, and are not made publicly available.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 - 1983 589
2017 13 1967 500
2016 14 1455 290
2015 Not available 810 272
2014 Not available 658 202

National developments

In a number of provincial courts, Directorates of Judicial Support and Services for Victims were established as part of a pilot project to enhance protection of especially vulnerable victims of crime, including victims of hate crime. The Directorates co-ordinate the provision of information, the conduct of individual needs assessment and support for these victims.

Turkey continued implementing ODIHR's TAHCLE programme, on the basis of a memorandum of understanding signed in 2016. Several thousand police officers have been trained on hate crimes.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Turkey's law enforcement agencies have not recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes.