France

France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys of hate crime victimization.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 1838 - -
2017 1505 Not available Not available
2016 1835 Not available 583
2015 1790 Not available Not available
2014 1662 Not available 554

Hate crimes recorded by police

The police provide data broken down by racism and xenophobia (which also includes anti-religious hate crime) and bias on grounds of sex/gender (also including hate crimes committed with bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity).

The anti-Semitic, anti-Christian and anti-Muslim hate crimes presented below have been disaggregated separately by the Ministry of the Interior in collaboration with civil society organizations monitoring these hate crimes. These are included below two categories mentioned above and separately.

National developments

The Ministry of Justice issued an instruction on strengthening the pedagogical nature of sentencing for hate crime offenders. The instruction invites prosecutors to publicize their decisions in these cases, where possible, and to establish partnerships with national memory sites and other remembrance institutions.

The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior have jointly created a network of investigators and magistrates sensitized to the specificities of hate crimes, in order to improve the experience of victims or those who report incidents. This experiment has been piloted in Provence and aims to increase the reporting of hate crimes. Lessons learned will inform the training strategy for investigators at the national level.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that France has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases.