France

France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys of hate crime victimization.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 1505 Not available Not available
2016 1835 Not available 583
2015 1790 Not available Not available
2014 1662 Not available 554
2013 1765 579 Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

The police provide data broken down by racism and xenophobia (which also includes anti-religious hate crime) and bias against sexual orientation and gender identity (also including sex-based hate crimes). The anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim hate crimes presented below have been disaggregated separately by the Ministry of the Interior and are included in the above mentioned two categories.

National developments

France amended the Criminal Code to simplify its hate crime provisions. Most specific penalty enhancements were removed and the general penalty enhancing provisions strengthened.

The Ministry of Justice participated in the development of the new National Plan to Combat Racism and Anti-Semitism for 2018-2020, which defines four priorities: 1. Fight against hatred on the internet, 2. Educate against prejudices, 3. Protect citizens and support victims, and 4. Invest in new mobilisation fields.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that France has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases.