Netherlands

The Netherlands have reported hate crime data to ODIHR. The Netherlands' Criminal Code contains no hate crime provision. The framework for hate crime investigation and prosecution is set by guidance from the Office of the Public Prosecutor. Authorities primarily responsible for hate crime data collection are the National Police and the National Expertise Centre on Discrimination of the Office of the Public Prosecutor. Police statistics are published annually. The Central Bureau of Statistics conducts annual crime victimization surveys.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 3499 331 79
2016 4376 - -
2015 5288 Not available Not available
2014 5721 133 87
2013 3614 83 89

Hate crimes recorded by police

The police figures include hate speech incidents, data reported by local anti-discrimination services, and online hate speech incidents, which could not be separated. Hate crimes recorded by the police can only be disaggregated by either bias motive or type of crime (both breakdowns were reported to ODIHR) but not simultaneously by both. The disaggregation below disaggregation shows the total numbers for each bias motivation.

The following types of hate crime were registered by the police: 603 physical assaults; 422 incidents of damage to property; 212 incidents of vandalism; 472 cases of threats and/or threatening behaviour; 2,100 incidents of insult; 48 cases of spitting; 48 cases of bullying; 57 incidents of refusal of service and 123 other crimes.

National developments

A bill that specifically includes gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics under the discrimination ground of sex is being considered in the parliament. This law will also affect the criminal law provisions by expanding the current protected characteristic of "sex".

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the Netherlands have not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.