Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina has reported hate crime data to ODIHR. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s criminal code includes penalty enhancements for specific offences. The criminal code of the Brcko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina includes a general penalty-enhancement provision. Republika Srpska’s criminal code contains a statutory definition of a hate crime and general and specific penalty enhancements. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Interior, the police, the Prosecutor’s Office, High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council and the State Investigation and Protection Agency. Victimization surveys are conducted which include questions about hate crimes.
Civil society information
Overview of incidents reported by civil society
|Bias Motivation||Attacks Against People||Attacks Against Property|
|Racism and xenophobia||2||0||3|
|Bias against Muslims||0||6||9|
|Bias against Christians and members of other religions||0||0||4|
|Bias against LGBT people||5||4||1|
SETA and the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina reported two physical assaults, including one carried out by a group and one in which nationalist symbols were carved onto the victim; and three incidents involving anti-Bosniak graffiti.
SETA and the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina reported five incidents of threats that occurred near mosques at prayer time, two cases of damage to mosques and one incident targeting a cemetery.
The Interreligious Council in Bosnia-Herzegovina reported a case of threats to worshippers during prayers, two incidents of damage to property in or near mosques, and four incidents of vandalism, including one involving graffiti on a mosque.
The Interreligious Council in Bosnia-Herzegovina reported three incidents of vandalism targeting Orthodox churches, including one which involved graffiti; and one desecration of an Orthodox cemetery, involving graffiti on graves.
The Sarajevo Open Center reported five physical assaults, including one carried out by a group armed with a knife; four instances of threats, three of which involved intimidation lasting over extended periods of time; and one incident in which the office of an LGBT rights organization was vandalized with offensive graffiti.
The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina reported 95 incidents targeting individuals from the Bosniak, Serb and Croat communities. These include a physical assault on a Bosniak returnee, in which a cross was carved on the victim’s body; anti-Croatian graffiti; and one incident in which Serb motorcyclists were threatened and assaulted.
The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina reported ten incidents that targeted Muslims or Islamic sites, including mosques and cemeteries.
The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina reported 21 incidents targeting Christian sites, such as churches and cemeteries, including an incident of graffiti on an Adventist church and the desecration of an Orthodox and a Catholic cemeteries.
The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina reported 21 incidents targeting people and structures on the grounds of sexual orientation or affiliation with the LGBT community.
In its "Concluding observations on the ninth to eleventh periodic reports of Bosnia and Herzegovina", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) highlighted the importance of fully implementing the existing criminal provisions on hate crimes and expressed concern at the continuation of hate crimes against minority returnees.
The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina reported that it continued its activities with law enforcement, the judiciary and civil society organizations, organizing four training events for a total of 80 prosecutors and judges, and two training events for a total of 46 law enforcement officers. Nineteen local Coalitions against Hate, established with the assistance of the Mission, implemented approximately 100 activities in the fields of prevention and education, including painting over offensive graffiti. The Mission continued its co-operation with the Sarajevo Open Centre (SOC) in implementing the two-year project Fighting Hate Crime in BiH. This project included six training events for a total of 155 police officers on hate crimes and another for 24 judicial and prosecutorial trainees. The Mission also continued to support its online Super Citizens reporting tool and to publish reports in its Hate Monitor, a monthly infographic of the Mission’s hate crimes monitoring information. This tool presents the latest data on all known bias-motivated incidents and responses to these incidents by judicial agencies, local authorities and civil society throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Holy See information
The Holy See reported an incident of vandalism in a Catholic cemetery and one incident of graffiti on a church under construction. The authorities reported back that bias motivation was not established in either of the incidents.
ODIHR key observations
ODIHR observes that Bosnia and Herzegovina has not reported hate crime data disaggregated by bias motivation to ODIHR.