Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina has reported hate crime data to ODIHR. The three criminal codes applicable in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, and in Brčko District BiH contain identical or very similar hate crime provisions. These provisions include a definition of a hate crime, penalty enhancements for specific offences and a mandatory general penalty enhancement for offences committed out of hatred. Hate crime data are provided by the Ministry of Interior but an institutional system for recording and data collection has not been established. Victimization surveys have not been conducted.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 Not available Not available Not available
2016 Not available Not available Not available
2015 24 12 3
2014 200 36 23
2013 350 77 88

National developments

Republika Srpska adopted a new criminal code, which included amended hate crime provisions. As a result, all the criminal codes currently in application across Bosnia and Herzegovina have very similar hate crime provisions.

The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina delivered trainings and other hate crime capacity building activities to 110 police officers, 17 judges and prosecutors, 47 law enforcement and justice managers. The Mission also trained or raised awareness of civil society, local and entity assemblies’ members and other stakeholders including 70 university students. The results of the Mission’s hate crime monitoring were presented to around 50 staff of the Institution of Human Rights Ombudsmen.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Bosnia and Herzegovina has not reported reliable statistics on hate crimes to ODIHR.