Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain's Criminal Code contains general penalty-enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry's State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomous Police, the Autonomous Basque Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
In its fifth report on Spain, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that the law enforcement authorities further improve the system for recording and monitoring hate crime.
ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.