Spain

Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain’s Criminal Code contains a general penalty enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry’s State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomousl Police, the Autonomous Basque  Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2014   1285 Not available Not available
2013 1168 Not available Not available
2012 261 Not available Not available
2011 224 Not available Not available
2010 92 Not available Not available
2009 93 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaPhysical assault118
Damage to property21
Theft/ robbery8
Attacks against places of worship2
Vandalism8
Threats/ threatening behaviour101
Unspecified217
Anti-SemitismPhysical assault5
Damage to property7
Theft/ robbery1
Vandalism2
Threats/ threatening behaviour4
Unspecified5
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault7
Damage to property16
Theft/ robbery3
Attacks against places of worship10
Vandalism6
Threats/ threatening behaviour9
Unspecified12
Bias against LGBT peoplePhysical assault412
Damage to property2
Theft/ robbery2
Vandalism4
Threats/ threatening behaviour22
Unspecified71
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsHomicide1
Physical assault96
Damage to property1
Theft/ robbery40
Threats/ threatening behaviour10
Unspecified51

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures record 475 racist and xenophobic crimes.

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Official figures recorded 24 anti-Semitic hate crimes.

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Official figures recorded 63 hate crimes motivated by bias against religion.

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Official figures recorded 513 hate crimes motivated by bias against sexual orientation.

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Official figures recorded 199 hate crimes motivated by bias against disability.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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This category includes physical assaults with or without injuries, as well as sexual assaults and abuse.

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This category includes threats and minor harassment.

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This category includes hate crimes committed at, around, shortly before or after a sport event, and other unspecified crimes.

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National developments

The first Action Protocol for the State Security Forces on Hate Crimes has been developed by the Ministry of Interior. It provides the security forces with a list of bias indicators to focus on in order to ensure correct collection of evidence and registering of hate crimes.

The Ministry of Interior further created a function description for "Hate crime police officers". These specialists from the State Security Forces will maintain contact with civil society in order to better prevent and resolve hate crimes.

The Ministry of Employment and Social Security has begun training teachers on how to detect racist or xenophobic incidents at schools.

Spanish authorities have worked on a Practical Guide on Discrimination, to be published in July 2015, which synthesizes all available information on how and where to report hate crimes and discrimination incidents in Spain.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia1402
Bias against Roma and Sinti008
Bias against Muslims207
Bias against Christians and members of other religions038
Bias against LGBT people1251
Total28826
Grand Total62

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Union of Islamic Communities of Spain, Pro Igual and the Cabinet of Social Studies reported the stabbing of five people from China, Morocco, Pakistan and South America. The Cabinet of Social Studies reported a further case of arson on a warehouse with 14 men of African descent inside, and three physical assaults, including a knife attack carried out by a group. The Movement Against Intolerance reported three physical assaults causing serious injuries.Pro Igual reported an additional physical assault causing serious injury, one physical assault against a Mongolian man and two incidents of graffiti. 

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • The Cabinet of Social Studies and Pro Igual reported an arson attack by a group of several hundred people against the homes of six Roma families. Pro Igual reported an additional arson attack on a Roma home.

    The Cabinet of Social Studies also reported a series of attacks against the houses of Roma families in which two were set on fire and a further four were damaged by thrown stones.

Bias against Muslims
  • The Cabinet of Social Studies and the Movement Against Intolerance reported an incident of the desecration of a place of worship involving graffiti on a new local mosque and the placing of pieces of pig’s heads and bacon next to the entrance. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a further case of graffiti on a mosque.

  • The Movement Against Intolerance, the Union of Islamic Communities of Spain and Pro Igual reported an arson attack on a mosque.

    The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain reported two physical assaults causing serious injuries, one of which was carried out by a group, and one further arson attack on a mosque. Pro Igual reported one additional arson attack on a mosque, the desecration of a new mosque and one incident of graffiti.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • Jehovah's Witnesses – Spain reported an arson attack on a place of worship.

  • The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience reported three incidents of threats, including one involving theft, in which threatening graffiti was repeatedly applied near a cemetery construction site, two arson attacks on churches, one incident of theft from a church, one incident of graffiti, one incident of the desecration of graves in a cemetery, and one incident in which an Archbishopric's website was hacked and offensive messages published.

    The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported damage to a church, which included graffiti, and an incident of graffiti on a basilica.

Bias against LGBT people
  • Pro Igual reported a physical assault causing serious injury against a transgender woman, in which a car dragged the victim over several metres. Pro Igual and the Movement Against Intolerance reported an additional physical assault against a gay couple. The Movement Against Intolerance reported an additional physical assault causing serious injuries to a gay man and an arson attack on the home of an LGBT activist.

  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a threat and two physical assaults, including one against two gay men that caused serious injury. The Cabinet of Social Studies, the State Federation of Lesbian, Gay, Transgender and Bisexual People (FELGBT) and ILGA-Europe reported a physical assault against a boy carried out by a group in school. The FELGBT and ILGA-Europe reported a further four threats, including one against a lesbian woman; and six physical assaults, including one carried out by a group against a gay man, a further three against gay men and two against transgender women.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that the Council for Victims of Hate Crimes and Discrimination (COVIDOD) was established at the national level. It is a network of 20 civil society groups advocating for a law that guarantees legal and humanitarian assistance and protection for victims of hate crime.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases.