Spain

Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain’s Criminal Code contains a general penalty enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry’s State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomousl Police, the Autonomous Basque  Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   1328 Not available Not available
2014   1285 Not available Not available
2013 1168 Not available Not available
2012 261 Not available Not available
2011 224 Not available Not available
2010 92 Not available Not available
2009 93 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide2
Physical assault128
Damage to property36
Theft/ robbery13
Desecration of graves40
Threats/ threatening behaviour95
Unspecified191
Anti-SemitismPhysical assault1
Attacks against places of worship1
Threats/ threatening behaviour4
Unspecified3
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault19
Vandalism6
Threats/ threatening behaviour13
Unspecified32
Bias against LGBT peopleHomicide1
Physical assault40
Damage to property5
Theft/ robbery5
Vandalism22
Threats/ threatening behaviour29
Unspecified67
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault22
Theft/ robbery36
Threats/ threatening behaviour15
Unspecified153
UnspecifiedPhysical assault2
Threats/ threatening behaviour6
Unspecified16

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 505 racist and xenophobic crimes.

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Official figures recorded 9 anti-Semitic hate crimes.

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Official figures recorded 70 hate crimes motivated by bias against religion.

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Official figures recorded 169 hate crimes motivated by bias against sexual orientation.

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Official figures recorded 226 hate crimes motivated by bias against disability.

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Official figures recorded 24 hate crimes motivated by bias against gender.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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This category includes physical assaults with or without injuries, as well as sexual assaults and abuse.

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This category includes threats and minor harassment.

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This category includes hate crimes committed at, around, shortly before or after a sport event, and other unspecified crimes.

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National developments

In 2015, Spain introduced two new categories for recorded hate incidents to include "Ideology" and "Sex and Gender". These were introduced among the other hate and discrimination incidents in the "Statistic System of Criminality."

The Spanish Institute of Women and for Equal Opportunities (IWEO) published a Practical Guide: How to deal with discrimination cases and hate crimes. This guide, available in English, comes in two versions: one for the public and one for professionals working on hate crime issues.

The Secretary General of Immigration and Emigration of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security, through the Spanish Observatory on Racism and Xenophobia, has implemented the project "Training for the Prevention and Detection of Racism, Xenophobia and Intolerance at School" (FRIDA Project).

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia502
Anti-Semitism002
Bias against Muslims5019
Bias against Christians and members of other religions2036
Bias against LGBT people710
Total19159
Grand Total79

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The Cabinet of Social Studies (GES) reported three physical assaults, including one which caused serious injuries, and two incidents of vandalism. The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain reported two physical assaults.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience reported two incidents of vandalism.

Bias against Muslims
  • The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain, the Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience and the Civic Platform Against Islamophobia reported two incidents of vandalism targeting a mosque and a cultural centre. The Cabinet of Social studies (GES), the Union the Civic Platform reported one physical assault and one case of vandalism. The GES and the Union reported one additional physical assault.

  • The Union and the Civic Platform reported one physical assault, one arson attack and four cases of vandalism. The GES reported one additional incident of vandalism. The Observatory also reported one incident of vandalism. The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain also reported two physical assaults and nine cases of vandalism.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience reported two physical assaults; one theft; nine incidents of the desecration of graves, including four that involved theft; one arson attack on a church; one attempted arson attack, also targeting a church; one incident of damage to property; and 12 incidents of graffiti.

  • The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience and the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported five incidents of vandalism and three incidents of graffiti.

    The OIDC reported one theft from a church, in which communion bread was desecrated, one incident of graffiti on a church, and one incident of the desecration of graves.

Bias against LGBT people
  • Transgender Europe reported the murder of a transgender person. FELGBT reported four physical assaults, targeting three men and a woman. The Cabinet of Social Studies (GES) reported two physical assaults, including one committed by a group, and one threat.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Spanish authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to continue efforts to counter, effectively investigate and punish hate crimes.

  • In its "Concluding observations on the twenty-first to twenty-third periodic reports periodic reports of Georgia", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) commended the country for its progress in the collection of hate crime data and the appointment of specialized prosecutors.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases.