Croatia

Croatia regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Croatia’s hate crime laws are a combination of a general penalty-enhancement provision and penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. Croatia’s Criminal Code also includes a statutory definition of hate crime. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Interior, the Prosecutor’s Office, the Ministry of Justice and the Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities. Data on hate crime are regularly published.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015 24 27 7
2014   22 60 6
2013   35 57 8
2012   17 19 15
2011   57 20 10
2010   34 34 3
2009   32 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaDamage to property4
Disturbance of the peace1
Threats/ threatening behaviour10
Bias against Roma and SintiThreats/ threatening behaviour1
Anti-SemitismDamage to property2
Bias against MuslimsThreats/ threatening behaviour1
Bias against LGBT peoplePhysical assault2
Threats/ threatening behaviour3

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 15 crimes motivated by racism and xenophobia, including one case of disturbance of the peace, four cases of damage to property and ten cases of threats.

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Official figures recorded one threat motivated by bias against Roma.

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Official figures recorded two anti-Semitic incidents of damage to property.

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Official figures recorded one threat based on anti-religious bias.

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Official figures recorded two physical assaults and two cases of homophobic threats.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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As divided by bias motivation:

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National developments

In 2015, Croatia made hate crime data publically available for the first time. Data can be found on the website of the Office for human rights and rights of national minorities.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia522
Total522
Grand Total9

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The Centre for Peace Studies, OSIJEK and Documenta reported two physical assaults, including one carried out by a group on a Ugandan man and one targeting a man of Gambian descent. The Centre for Peace Studies reported three further physical assaults, two of which were carried out by groups, one incident in which a group of schoolchildren were attacked by a group of assailants, two threats, and one incident of graffiti on a school. OSIJEK and Documenta also reported one incident of vandalism that involved graffiti.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Croatian authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to ensure the efficient, non-discriminatory and timely investigation and prosecution of hate crimes.

Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Roma and Sinti, Bias against LGBT people
  • In its "Concluding observations on the third periodic report of Croatia", the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) called for strengthened efforts to combat racist attacks committed by law enforcement personnel, including against Roma people, by providing training and ensuring that hate crimes are properly investigated and prosecuted. The HRC highlighted the need to counter hate crimes against LGBT people, by ensuring that they are thoroughly investigated and offenders are prosecuted and sanctioned.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Croatia could benefit from encouraging victims to report hate crimes and could consider increasing co-operation with civil society in that respect.